Battaglia di Stones River

Battaglia di Stones River
parte della guerra di secessione americana
Rosecrans at Stones River.jpg
Il generale Rosecrans (a sinistra) incita le sue truppe a Stones River
Data31 dicembre 1862 – 2 gennaio 1863
LuogoMurfreesboro (Tennessee)
EsitoVittoria dell’Unione
Schieramenti
Comandanti
Effettivi
41.40035.000
Perdite
1.677 morti
7.543 feriti
3.686 dispersi
1.294 morti
7.945 feriti
2.500 prigionieri e dispersi
Voci di battaglie presenti su Wikipedia

La battaglia di Stones River, o seconda battaglia di Murfreesboro (negli Stati del Sud, ricordata semplicemente come battaglia di Murfreesboro) fu combattuta dal 31 dicembre 1862 al 2 gennaio 1863 nella zona centrale del Tennessee (Middle Tennessee) al culmine della Campagna di Stones River nell'ambito del Teatro Occidentale della guerra di secessione americana.

È ricordata come una delle più cruenti battaglie combattute durante la Guerra civile, con quasi 25.000, tra morti e dispersi. Tuttavia, la battaglia in sé stessa, non fu tatticamennte decisiva per le sorti della guerra: l'esercito dell'Unione respinse due attacchi dei Confederati, fatto che risollevò il morale degli uomini dell'Unione dopo la sconfitta nella battaglia di Fredericksburg e contribuì ad infrangere le speranze dei Confederati di riuscire a controllare la parte centrale del Tennessee.

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BibliografiaModifica

  • Connelly, Thomas L. Autumn of Glory: The Army of Tennessee 1862–1865. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1971. ISBN 0-8071-2738-8.
  • Cozzens, Peter. No Better Place to Die: The Battle of Stones River. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1990. ISBN 0-252-01652-1.
  • Crittenden, Thomas L. "The Union Left at Stone's River." In Battles and Leaders of the Civil War, vol. 3, edited by Robert Underwood Johnson and Clarence C. Buel. New York: Century Co., 1884-1888. OCLC 2048818.
  • Daniel, Larry J. Days of Glory: The Army of the Cumberland, 1861–1865. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2004. ISBN 978-0-8071-3191-6.
  • Eicher, David J. The Longest Night: A Military History of the Civil War. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2001. ISBN 0-684-84944-5.
  • Esposito, Vincent J. West Point Atlas of American Wars. New York: Frederick A. Praeger, 1959. OCLC 5890637. The collection of maps (without explanatory text) is available online at the West Point website.
  • Foote, Shelby. The Civil War: A Narrative. Vol. 2, Fredericksburg to Meridian. New York: Random House, 1958. ISBN 0-394-49517-9.
  • Hattaway, Herman, and Archer Jones. How the North Won: A Military History of the Civil War. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1983. ISBN 0-252-00918-5.
  • Hess, Earl J. Banners to the Breeze: The Kentucky Campaign, Corinth, and Stones River. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2000. ISBN 978-0-8032-2380-6.
  • Horn, Stanley F. The Army of Tennessee: A Military History. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1941. OCLC 2153322.
  • Kennedy, Frances H., ed. The Civil War Battlefield Guide[collegamento interrotto]. 2nd ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1998. ISBN 0-395-74012-6.
  • Lamers, William M. The Edge of Glory: A Biography of General William S. Rosecrans, U.S.A. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1961. ISBN 0-8071-2396-X.
  • Livermore, Thomas L. Numbers and Losses in the Civil War in America 1861-65. Reprinted with errata, Dayton, OH: Morninside House, 1986. ISBN 0-527-57600-X. First published 1901 by Houghton Mifflin.
  • McDonough, James Lee. "Battle of Stones River." In Battle Chronicles of the Civil War: 1862, edited by James M. McPherson. Connecticut: Grey Castle Press, 1989. ISBN 1-55905-024-1. First published in 1989 by McMillan.
  • McPherson, James M. Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era. Oxford History of the United States. New York: Oxford University Press, 1988. ISBN 0-19-503863-0.
  • McWhiney, Grady. Braxton Bragg and Confederate Defeat. Vol. 1. New York: Columbia University Press, 1969 (additional material, Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1991). ISBN 0-8173-0545-9.
  • Smith, Derek. The Gallant Dead: Union & Confederate Generals Killed in the Civil War. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 2005. ISBN 0-8117-0132-8.
  • Street, James Jr., and the Editors of Time-Life Books. The Struggle for Tennessee: Tupelo to Stones River. Alexandria, VA: Time-Life Books, 1985. ISBN 0-8094-4760-6.
  • Welcher, Frank J. The Union Army, 1861–1865 Organization and Operations. Vol. 2, The Western Theater. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1993. ISBN 0-253-36454-X.
  • Daniel, Larry J. Battle of Stones River: The Forgotten Conflict Between the Confederate Army of Tennessee and the Union Army of the Cumberland. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2012. ISBN 978-0-8071-4516-6.
  • Davis, William C. The Battlefields of the Civil War. London: Salamander Books, 1990. ISBN 1-84065-105-9.
  • McDonough, James Lee. Stones River: Bloody Winter In Tennessee. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1980. ISBN 0-87049-373-6.
  • Hascall, Milo S. Personal recollections and experiences concerning the Battle of Stones River. Goshen, IN: Times Publishing Co., 1889. OCLC 13178264.
  • Hazen, William B. A Narrative of Military Service. Huntington, WV: Blue Acorn Press, 1993. ISBN 978-0-9628866-7-6. First published 1885 by Ticknor and Co.
  • Rosecrans, William S. Official Report from the Battle of Stones River, February 12, 1863.
  • Watkins, Sam. Co. Aytch Maury Grays, First Tennessee Regiment or, A Side Show of the Big Show. Cumberland Presbyterian Publishing House, 1882. OCLC 43511251.
  • Worsham, Dr. William J. Old Nineteenth Tennessee Regiment, C.S.A. June, 1861 – April, l865. Knoxville, TN: Paragon Printing, 1902.

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