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Campionato inglese di calcio femminile

Magnifying glass icon mgx2.svgLo stesso argomento in dettaglio: FA WSL e FA Women's Premier League.

Il campionato inglese di calcio femminile è gestito dalla Federazione calcistica dell'Inghilterra (Football Association - FA), con la WSL (Football Association Women's Super League) posta come primo livello. Nelle sue prime tre edizioni, dal 2011 al 2013, la WSL prevedeva un campionato a invito con nessun sistema di promozione o retrocessione, sistema simile a quello adottato nella Super League inglese di rugby. In seguito la WSL venne sostituita dalla FA Women's Premier League come livello di vertice del campionato.[1] Le squadre iscritte competono anche per la Continental Cup.[2]

La Premier League è suddivisa in due livelli: il primo è il precedente massimo livello, la FA Women's Premier League National Division, con retrocessione in due leghe poste al medesimo livello sotto di questa: la FA Women's Premier League Northern Division e la FA Women's Premier League Southern Division. Le squadre iscritte in questi tre livelli competono per la Premier League Cup.

Al livello inferiore della Premier League si trovano le quattro Combination Leagues, legate ai sistema di divisione territoriale nazionale, South West Combination (Sud Ovest), South East Combination (Sud Est), Midland Combination (Midlands Occidentali e Orientali) e Northern Combination (Nord Est e Nord Ovest). Sotto questi vi sono otto campionati regionali (regional leagues) e di seguito i campionati provinciali (county leagues).[3]

Come nella struttura del calcio maschile, alcune squadre gallesi competono nella struttura piramidale inglese. Le squadre più titolate sono il Cardiff City e lo scomparso Barry Town, che entrambi giocarono in Women's Premiership.

Con l'introduzione del WSL negli ultimi anni i primi quattro livello sono così strutturati:

Livello fino al 2009-10 2011
istituzione della WSL
2014 istituzione del WSL 2
abolizione del WPL National Division (2013-14)
Combination ricostituite nel WPL (2014-15)
1 WPL National WSL WSL 1
2 WPL North&South WPL National WSL 2
3 Combination WPL N&S WPL N&S
4 Regional Combination WPL Division 1
5 Regional Div. 1 Regional Regional

StrutturaModifica

Per la stagione 2014-2015 le Combination Leagues (vecchio livello 4) sono state inserite nella nuova struttura della FA Women's Premier League.[4]

Livello

League / Division

1 FA WSL1
(8 squadre)
2 FA WSL 2
(10 squadre)
3 FA Women's Premier League Northern Division (WPL)
(12 squadre)
FA Women's Premier League Southern Division
(12 squadre)
4 WPL Northern Division 1
(12 squadre)
WPL Midlands Division 1
(12 squadre)
WPL South West Division 1
(12 squadre)
WPL South East Division 1
(12 squadre)
5 North West Women's Regional Football League Premier Div North East Regional Women's Football League Premier Div West Midlands Regional Women's Football League Premier Div East Midlands Regional Women's Football League Premier Div Southern Region Women's Football League Premier Division South West Regional Women's Football League Premier Div Eastern Region Women's Football League Premier Division London and South East Women's Regional Football League Premier Div
6

Feeding to North West Women's Regional Football League Premier Division:
North West Women's Regional Football League League Div 1 (North)
North West Women's Regional Football League League Div 1 (South)
Feeding to North East Regional Women's Football League Premier Division:
North East Regional Women's Football League Div 1 (North)
North East Regional Women's Football League Div 1 (South)
Feeding to West Midlands Regional Women's Football League Premier Division:
West Midlands Regional Women's Football League Div 1 (North)
West Midlands Regional Women's Football League Div 1 (South)
Feeding to East Midlands Regional Women's Football League Premier Division:
East Midlands Regional Women's Football League Div 1 (North)
East Midlands Regional Women's Football League Div 1 (South)

Feeding to Southern Region Women's Football League Premier Division:
Southern Region Women's Football League Division 1 (North)
Southern Region Women's Football League Division 1 (South)
Feeding to South West Regional Women's Football League Premier Division:
South West Regional Women's Football League Div 1 (East)
South West Regional Women's Football League Div 1 (West)
Feeding to Eastern Region Women's Football League Premier Division:
Eastern Region Women's Football League Division 1 (North)
Eastern Region Women's Football League Division 1 (South)
Feeding to London and South East Women's Football League Premier Division:
South East Counties Women's Football League Premier Div
London and South East Women's Regional Football League Div 1

7

Feeding to North West Women's Regional Football League League Div 1:
Greater Manchester Women's Football League Div 1
Lancashire WFL Div 1
Cheshire WFL Div 1
Liverpool WFL
Feeding to North East Women's Regional Football League League Div 1:
West Riding WFL Prem
East Riding WFL
Sheffield & Hallamshire WFL
North Riding WFL
Durham WFL Div 1
Feeding to West Midlands Regional Women's Football League Div 1:
Staffordshire WFL Div 1
Worcestershire WFL
Shropshire WFL Div 1
Birmingham WFL Div 1
Feeding to East Midlands Regional Women's Football League Div 1:
Leicestershire WFL
Northants WFL
Lincolnshire WFL
Nottinghamshire WFL Div 1

Feeding to Southern Region Women's Football League Division 1:
Thames Valley WFL Div 1
Hampshire WFL Div 1
Feeding to South West Regional Women's Football League Div 1:
Gloustershire WFL Div 1
Somerset WFL Div 1
Dorset WFL
Devon WFL Premier Div
Cornwall WFL Div 1
Feeding to Eastern Region Women's Football League Division 1:
Norfolk WFL
Suffolk WFL
Cambs & Hunts WFL
Beds & Herts WFL Div 1
Essex WFL Div 1
Feeding to South East Counties Women's Football League Premier Div:
South East Counties Women's Football League Div 1 (East)
South East Counties Women's Football League Div 1 (West)
Feeding to London and South East Women's Regional Football League Div 1:
Greater London WFL Div 1

8

Feeding to Greater Manchester Women's Football League Div 1:
Greater Manchester Women's Football League Div 2
Feeding to Lancashire WFL Div 1:
Lancashire WFL Div 2
Feeding to Cheshire WFL Div 1:
Cheshire WFL Div 2
Feeding to West Riding WFL Premier Division:
West Riding WFL Div 1
Feeding to East Riding WFL:
East Riding WFL Div 2
Feeding to Durham WFL Div 1:
Durham WFL Div 2(2)
Feeding to Staffordshire WFL Div 1:
Staffordshire WFL Div 2
Feeding to Shropshire WFL Div 1:
Shropshire WFL Div 2
Feeding to Birmingham WFL Div 1:
Birmingham WFL Div 2
Feeding to Nottinghamshire WFL Div 1:
Nottinghamshire WFL Div 2

Feeding to Thames Valley WFL Div 1:
Thames Valley WFL Div 2 (North)
Thames Valley WFL Div 2 (South)
Feeding to Hampshire WFL Div 1:
Hampshire WFL Div 2
Feeding to Gloustershire WFL Div 1:
Glouctershire WFL Div 2
Feeding to Somerset WFL Div 1:
Somerset WFL Div 2
Feeding to Devon WFL Prem Div:
Devon WFL Div 1
Feeding to Cornwall WFL Div 1:
Cornwall WFL Div 2
Feeding to Essex WFL Div 1:
Essex WFL Div 2
Feeding to South East Counties Women's Football League Div 1:
Kent WFL
Sussex WFL Div 1
Feeding to Greater London WFL Div 1:
Greater London WFL Div 2 (North)
Greater London WFL Div 2 (South)

9

Feeding to West Riding WFL Div 1:
West Riding WFL Div 2
Feeding to Hampshire WFL Div 2:
Hampshire WFL Div 3
Feeding to Cornwall WFL Div 2:
Cornwall WFL Div 3
Feeding to Essex WFL Div 2:
Essex WFL Div 3
Feeding to Sussex WFL Div 1:
Sussex WFL Div 2
Feeding to Greater London WFL Div 2 (North):
Greater London WFL Div 3 (North)
Feeding to Greater London WFL Div 2 (South):
Greater London WFL Div 3 (South)

NoteModifica

  1. ^ (EN) Women's soccer kicks up in England, su espn.go.com. URL consultato l'11 gennaio 2014.
  2. ^ (EN) Tony Leighton, Trip to Norway is a real eye-opener for Lincoln Ladies' Rod Wilson | Football, su The Guardian, 30 gennaio 2011. URL consultato il 2 agosto 2012.
  3. ^ (EN) History of the South West Combination, su southwestcombination.co.uk.. URL consultato il 20 novembre 2006 (archiviato dall'url originale il 29 settembre 2007).
  4. ^ (EN) FA WPL squadre to be considered for WSL entry from 2016, su thefa.co.uk, 4 luglio 2014. URL consultato il 22 luglio 2014.