Linea RER C

linea del servizio ferroviario suburbano RER di Parigi
Paris RER C icon.svgLinea RER C
Servizio di trasporto pubblico
Paris RER C crosses the Seine on Pont Rouelle.jpg
Un treno della linea
Tiposervizio ferroviario suburbano
StatiFrancia Francia
CittàParigi
Apertura1980
 
GestoreSNCF
Mezzi utilizzatiZ 5600, Z 8800, Z 20500, Z 20900
 
N. stazioni e fermate84
Lunghezza187 km
Distanza media tra stazioni2160 m
Scartamento1435 mm
Ligne C, schéma de la ligne.svg
Trasporto pubblico
Réseau express régional d'Île-de-France
Linea C 
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Head station
Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines
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Station on track
Saint-Cyr
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Unknown route-map component "KXBHFa-L" Unknown route-map component "XBHF-R"
Versailles Chantiers
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Head station
Versailles Château
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Station on track
Porchefontaine
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" One way leftward Unknown route-map component "ABZg+r"
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Station on track
Viroflay Rive Gauche
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Station on track
Chaville Vélizy
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Station on track
Meudon Val Feury
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Station on track
Issy
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Station on track
Issy Val de Seine
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Station on track
Pont de Garigliano
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Station on track
Javel
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Head station
Pontoise
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Station on track
Saint-Ouen-l'Aumône
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Station on track
Saint-Ouen-l'Aumône - Liesse
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Station on track
Pierrelaye
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Station on track
Montigny Beauchamp
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Station on track
Franconville - Le Plessis-Bouchard
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Station on track
Cernay
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Station on track
Ermont - Eaubonne
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Station on track
Saint-Gratien
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Station on track
Épinay-sur-Seine
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Station on track
Gennevilliers
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Station on track
Les Grésillons
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Station on track
Saint-Ouen
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Station on track
Porte de Clichy
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Station on track
Pereire Levallois
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Station on track
Neuilly Porte Maillot
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Station on track
Avenue Foch
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Station on track
Avenue Henry Martin
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Station on track
Boulainvilliers
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Station on track
Avenue du Pont-Kennedy
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Unknown route-map component "ABZg+l" One way rightward
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Station on track
Champ de Mars Tour Eiffel
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Station on track
Pont de l'Alma
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Station on track
Invalides
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Station on track
Musée d'Orsay
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Station on track
Saint-Michel Notre-Dame
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Station on track
Gare d'Austerlitz
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Station on track
Bibliothèque François Mitterrand
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Station on track
Ivry-sur-Seine
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Station on track
Vitry-sur-Seine
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Station on track
Les Ardoines
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Station on track
Choisy-le-Roi
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Unknown route-map component "STR+l" Unknown route-map component "ABZgr"
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Station on track
Villeneuve-le-Roi
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Station on track
Ablon
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Station on track
Athis-Mons
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Station on track
Juvisy
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Station on track
Savigny-sur-Orge
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Unknown route-map component "ABZgl" Unknown route-map component "STR+r"
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Straight track Station on track
Épinay-sur-Orge
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Straight track Station on track
Sainte-Geneviève-des-Bois
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Straight track Station on track
Saint-Michel-sur-Orge
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Straight track Station on track
Brétigny
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Straight track Unknown route-map component "ABZgl" Unknown route-map component "STR+r"
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Straight track Straight track Station on track
Marolles-en-Hurepoix
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Straight track Straight track Station on track
Bouraix
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Straight track Straight track Station on track
Lardy
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Straight track Straight track Station on track
Chamarande
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Straight track Straight track Station on track
Étréchy
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Straight track Straight track Station on track
Étampes
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Straight track Straight track End station
Saint-Martin-d'Étampes
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Straight track Station on track
La Norville - Saint-Germain-lès-Arpajon
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Straight track Station on track
Arpajon
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Straight track Station on track
Égly
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Straight track Station on track
Breuillet - Bruyères-le-Châtel
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Straight track Station on track
Breuillet Village
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Straight track Station on track
Saint-Chéron
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Straight track Station on track
Sermaise
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Straight track Station on track
Dourdan
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Straight track End station
Dourdan-la-Forêt
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Station on track
Petit Vaux
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Station on track
Gravigny Balizy
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Station on track
Chilly Mazarin
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Straight track Station on track
Longjurneau
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Station on track Straight track
Les Saules
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Station on track Straight track
Orly Ville
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Station on track Straight track
Pont de Rungis - Aéroport d'Orly
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Station on track Straight track
Rungis La Fraternelle
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Station on track Straight track
Chemin d'Antony
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Station on track Straight track
Massy Verrières
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Unknown route-map component "KXBHFe-L" Unknown route-map component "XBHF-R"
Massy Palaiseau
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Station on track
Igny
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Station on track
Bièvres
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Station on track
Vauboyen
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Station on track
Jouy-en-Josas
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Unknown route-map component "LSTR" Station on track
Petit Jouy - Les Loges
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One way leftward Transverse track One way rightward

La linea RER C è un servizio del Réseau express régional, una delle due reti di servizio ferroviario suburbano che servono l'agglomerato della grande Parigi, in Francia. Con numerose ramificazioni, la linea è la più lunga dell'intera rete misurando 187 chilometri. Collega l'ovest parigino Pontoise (ramo C1), Versailles (ramo C5) e Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines (ramo C7) con il sud Massy-Palaiseau (ramo C2), Dourdan (ramo C4) e Saint-Martin d'Étampes (ramo C6), così come Versailles — Chantiers (ramo C8) con un percorso pressoché circolare.

Si sviluppa attraversando 7 dipartimenti con 84 stazioni. La RER C è utilizzata da 500.000 viaggiatori al giorno.[1]

Aperta al servizio in diversi tronconi dal 1979 al 2006, la linea C è interamente gestita dalla SNCF.

StoriaModifica

L'idea di connettere le periferie sud-ovest aventi per terminale l'antica stazione di Orsay (trasformata in Museo d'Orsay) con la linea des Invalides avente per terminal la Gare des Invalides, distante meno di un chilometro, venne studiata diverse volte ma mai realizzata per la vicinanza delle due stazioni. Il primo progetto del RER dei primi anni sessanta non la prese più in considerazione. Di fatto questo collegamento, tutto lungo la riva sinistra della Senna senza incontrare alcun punto di interesse particolare, non venne ritenuto interessante.

Tuttavia l'idea venne ripresa in considerazione nel 1964 nel quadro dello schema delle direttrici di traffico della regione parigina e fu oggetto di studi. Questi dimostrarono che il collegamento avrebbe avuto il pregio di far scomparire due stazioni scomode e mal ubicate nella rete del servizio pubblico parigino e di creare una linea trasversale capace di smistare più omogeneamente i viaggiatori grazie alle numerose diramazioni. La creazione del collegamento «Orly rail» nel 1972 e la connessione delle linee 13 e 14 della metropolitana a Invalides resero ancora più logica questa idea. La vicinanza delle due stazioni, soltanto 841 metri, convinse ulteriormente a creare questa linea.

Il progetto del 22 gennaio 1975 portò all'inizio dei lavori entro la fine dell'anno. I lavori si svolsero a cielo aperto in una zona centrale con la presenza di diversi monumenti quali l'Assemblée nationale e il Quai d'Orsay, e dovettero coesistere con la necessità di limitare il disturbo al traffico automobilistico di superficie. Il nuovo collegamento comportò la trasformazione delle due stazioni da terminali a passanti. La linea venne completata nel 1980 e fu la base della trasversale riva sinistra dando origine alla RER C.

 
Percorso geograficamente accurato della Linea C

NoteModifica

BibliografiaModifica

  • André Jacquot, La ligne C du RER, éditions de l'Ormet, 1989, 112 pages. ISBN 2906575038
  • Bruno Carrière, La saga de la Petite Ceinture, éditions de La vie du Rail, 1991, réédition en 2001.
  • Bernard Collardey, Les trains de banlieue, tomes I et II, 1999. ISBN 2902808763
  • Jean Tricoire, Le RER - Le Réseau francilien, Éditions Ratp, 2002, 144 pages.
  • Magazine Rail passion hors-série nº9, Spécial Île-de-France, novembre 2006

Altri progettiModifica

Collegamenti esterniModifica