Differenze tra le versioni di "Esperimento mentale"

una discreta bibliografia..
(non si sa mai che sia anche filosofia... :))
(una discreta bibliografia..)
 
Ma per un osservatore situato a terra, che vede il vagone in movimento, il raggio di luce diretto verso la coda del treno raggiunge dopo soltanto 9.0909 metri l'estremità del vagone, che nel frattempo gli è venuta incontro di 0.9091 metri; mentre il raggio diretto verso la testa del treno deve percorrere 11.1111 metri per raggiungere l'altra estremità che si è allontanata di 1.1111 metri. Il primo raggio arriva quindi dopo 0.0303 microsecondi, il secondo invece dopo 0.0370 microsecondi: in questo sistema di riferimento i due eventi non sono simultanei!
 
==Bibliografia==
*Marco Buzzoni, ''Esperimento ed esperimento mentale'', Franco Angeli, 2004 ISBN 9788846458681
*[[Karl Popper]], ''Logica della scoperta scientifica'' [1934], Einaudi, Torino, 1970.
===Libri in lingua inglese===
* Adams, Scott, ''God's Debris: A Thought Experiment'', Andrews McMeel Publishing, (USA), 2001
* Brown, J.R., ''The Laboratory of the Mind: Thought Experiments in the Natural Sciences'', Routledge, (London), 1993.
* Browning, K.A. (ed.), ''Nowcasting'', Academic Press, (London), 1982.
* Marco Buzzoni, ''Thought Experiment in the Natural Sciences'', Koenigshausen+Neumann, Wuerzburg 2008
* Cohen, Martin, "Wittgenstein's Beetle and Other Classic Thought Experiments", Blackwell (Oxford) 2005
* Cohnitz, D., ''Gedankenexperimente in der Philosophie'', Mentis Publ., (Paderborn, Germany), 2006.
* Craik, K.J.W., ''The Nature of Explanation'', Cambridge University Press, (Cambridge), 1943.
* Cushing, J.T., ''Philosophical Concepts in Physics: The Historical Relation Between Philosophy and Scientific Theories'', Cambridge University Press, (Cambridge), 1998.
* DePaul, M. & Ramsey, W. (eds.), ''Rethinking Intuition: The Psychology of Intuition and Its Role in Philosophical Inquiry'', Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, (Lanham), 1998.
* Gendler, T.S., ''Thought Experiment: On the Powers and Limits of Imaginary Cases'', Garland, (New York), 2000.
* Gendler, T.S. & Hawthorne, J., ''Conceivability and Possibility'', Oxford University Press, (Oxford), 2002.
* Häggqvist, S., ''Thought Experiments in Philosophy'', Almqvist & Wiksell International, (Stockholm), 1996.
* Hanson, N.R., ''Patterns of Discovery: An Inquiry into the Conceptual Foundations of Science'', Cambridge University Press, (Cambridge), 1962.
* Harper, W.L., Stalnaker, R. & Pearce, G. (eds.), ''Ifs: Conditionals, Belief, Decision, Chance, and Time'', D. Reidel Publishing Co., (Dordrecht), 1981.
* Hesse, M.B., ''Models and Analogies in Science'', Sheed and Ward, (London), 1963.
* Holyoak, K.J. & Thagard, P., ''Mental Leaps: Analogy in Creative Thought'', A Bradford Book, The MIT Press, (Cambridge), 1995.
* Horowitz, T. & Massey, G.J. (eds.), [http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/archive/00003190/ ''Thought Experiments in Science and Philosophy'',] Rowman & Littlefield, (Savage), 1991.
* Kahn, H., ''Thinking About the Unthinkable'', Discus Books, (New York), 1971.
* Kuhne, U., ''Die Methode des Gedankenexperiments'', Suhrkamp Publ., (Frankfurt/M, Germany), 2005.
* Leatherdale, W.H., ''The Role of Analogy, Model and Metaphor in Science'', North-Holland Publishing Company, (Amsterdam), 1974.
* {{Citation|last=Ørsted|first=Hans Christian | year=1997| author-link=Hans Christian Ørsted|title=Selected Scientific Works of Hans Christian Ørsted| publisher=Princeton |isbn=0-691-04334-5 }}. Translated to English by Karen Jelved, Andrew D. Jackson, and Ole Knudsen, (translators 1997).
* Roese, N.J. & Olson, J.M. (eds.), ''What Might Have Been: The Social Psychology of Counterfactual Thinking'', Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, (Mahwah), 1995.
* Shanks, N. (ed.), ''Idealization IX: Idealization in Contemporary Physics (Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities, Volume 63)'', Rodopi, (Amsterdam), 1998.
* Shick, T. & Vaugn, L., ''Doing Philosophy: An Introduction through Thought Experiments (Second Edition)'', McGraw Hill, (New York), 2003.
* Sorensen, R.A., ''Thought Experiments'', Oxford University Press, (Oxford), 1992.
* Tetlock, P.E. & Belkin, A. (eds.), ''Counterfactual Thought Experiments in World Politics'', Princeton University Press, (Princeton), 1996.
* Thomson, J.J. {Parent, W. (ed.)}, ''Rights, Restitution, and Risks: Essays in Moral Theory'', Harvard University Press, (Cambridge), 1986 .
* Vosniadou, S. & Ortony. A. (eds.), ''Similarity and Analogical Reasoning'', Cambridge University Press, (Cambridge), 1989.
* Wilkes, K.V., ''Real People: Personal Identity without Thought Experiments'', Oxford University Press, (Oxford), 1988.
===Articoli di riviste (in lingua inglese)===
* Dennett, D.C., "Intuition Pumps", pp. 180-197 in Brockman, J., ''The Third Culture: Beyond the Scientific Revolution'', Simon & Schuster, (New York), 1995.
* Galton, F., "Statistics of Mental Imagery", ''Mind'', Vol.5, No.19, (July 1880), pp. 301-318.
* Hempel, C.G., "Typological Methods in the Natural and Social Sciences", pp. 155-171 in Hempel, C.G. (ed.), ''Aspects of Scientific Explanation and Other Essays in the Philosophy of Science'', The Free Press, (New York), 1965.
* [[Thomas Kuhn|Kuhn, T.]] "A Function for Thought Experiments", in ''The Essential Tension'' (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1979), pp. 240--
* [[Ernst Mach|Mach, E.]], "On Thought Experiments", pp. 134-147 in Mach, E., ''Knowledge and Error: Sketches on the Psychology of Enquiry'', D. Reidel Publishing Co., (Dordrecht), 1976. [Translation of ''Erkenntnis und Irrtum'' (5th edition, 1926.].
* [[Karl Popper|Popper, K.]], "On the Use and Misuse of Imaginary Experiments, Especially in Quantum Theory", pp. 442-456, in Popper, K., ''The Logic of Scientific Discovery'', Harper Torchbooks, (New York), 1968.
* [[Nicholas Rescher|Rescher, N.]], "Thought Experiment in Pre-Socratic Philosophy", pp. 31-41 in Horowitz, T. & Massey, G.J. (eds.), [http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/archive/00003190/ ''Thought Experiments in Science and Philosophy'',] Rowman & Littlefield, (Savage), 1991.
* Witt-Hansen, J., "H.C. Ørsted, Immanuel Kant and the Thought Experiment", ''Danish Yearbook of Philosophy'', Vol.13, (1976), pp. 48-65.
* Jacques, V., Wu, E., Grosshans, F., Treussart, F., Grangier, P. Aspect, A., & Roch, J. (2007). Experimental Realization of Wheeler's Delayed-Choice Gedanken Experiment, ''Science, 315'', p. 966-968. [http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/315/5814/966]
 
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