Differenze tra le versioni di "Mu'adh ibn Jabal"

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''[[Hadith|Ḥadīth]]'' che, incidentalmente, dimostra come lo stesso Profeta riconoscesse l'occasionale incomprensibilità del testo sacro islamico e la incompletezza della sua [[Sunna]], smentendo quanti sostengono che la Rivelazione coranica sia sempre evidente nei suoi contenuti e onnicomprensiva l'esperienza di vita di Maometto, inducendoli a far rientrare qualsivoglia nuova fattispecie nella casistica presente nel Corano e nella sia pur dilatata Sunna del Profeta, pur di scansare la possibile accusa di "dannosa innovazione" (''bidʿa'').
 
==Morte di Muʿādh==
==Durante il Califfato di Abū Bakr e di ʿUmar==
Muʿādh morì a 38 anni nel corso della campagna militare voluta dal secondo [[Califfo]], [['Umar ibn al-Khattab|ʿUmar b. al-Khaṭṭāb]], e che portò alla conquista della [[Mesopotamia]] [[Lakhmidi|lakhmide]], della [[Persia]] occidentale [[sasanide]] e della [[Siria]]-[Palestina]] e dell'[[Egitto]] bizantini.<br>
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Causa del suo decesso fu l'[[epidemia]] di [[peste]] esplosa a Amwas ([[Emmaus]]) nel 630, nel corso della quale si stima che i morti furono circa 25.000. Come lui morirono poco dopo anche la moglie e il figlio ʿAbd al-Raḥmān, che gli aveva dato modo di fregiarsi di una ''kunya''.
Muadh lived through the Caliphate of Abu Bakr and was a very respected figure during [[Umar]]'s Caliphate. The governor of Syria, Muwaiyah ibn Abi Sufyan sent a message informing Umar that the people of Syria were many and they needed someone to teach them the [[Quran]] and instruct them in religion. Umar thereupon summoned five persons who had collected the Quran in the lifetime of Muhammad. They were Muadh ibn Jabal, [[Ubayda ibn as-Samit]], [[Abu Ayyub al-Ansari]], [[Ubayy ibn Kab]] and [[Abu Darda]]. He said to them:
 
"Your brothers in Syria have asked me to help them by sending those who can teach them the Quran and instruct them in the religion. Please appoint three among you for this task and may God bless you. I can select three of you myself if you do not want to put the matter to the vote."
 
"Why should we vote?" they asked. "Abu Ayyub is quite old and Ubayy is a sick man. That leaves three of us." "All three of you go to Homs first of all. If you are satisfied with the condition of the people there, one of you should stay there, another should go to Damascus and the other to Palestine."
 
So it was that Ubadah ibn as-Samit was left at Homs, Abu ad-Dardaa went to Damascus and Muadh went to Palestine.
 
==Final Days of Muadh==
 
It is reported that in 630 A.D., the town of Amwaas in Palestine was hit with a severe plague. The plague caused the death of many prominent [[sahaba]] of Muhammad. Historical accounts estimated that about 25,000 people died in this outbreak. Muadh had two wives and a son named Abdur Rahman, all of which caught the plague and died. It was with his name that Muadh received the title "Abu Abdur Rahman". Thereafter, Muadh fell ill with the plague that had affected the whole area. It is reported that he died 18 years after the Hijra at the age of 38. People claim that his tomb is at Ghor in the Jordan Valley.
 
==Ahadith transmitted by Muadh bin Jabal==
 
Mu`adh ibn Jabal said that Muhammad said: "The People of Paradise will not regret except one thing alone: the hour that passed them by and in which they made no remembrance of Allah." Narrated by Bayhaqi in Shu`ab al-iman (1:392 #512-513) and by Tabarani. Haythami in [[Majma al-Zawa'id]] (10:74) said that its narrators are all trustworthy (thiqat), while Suyuti declared it hasan in his Jami` al-saghir (#7701).
 
==Quotes by Muadh ibn Jabal==
 
It is said that Muadh bin Jabal advised his son, "My son! Pray the prayer of he who is just about to leave and imagine that you might not be able to pray ever again. Know that the believer dies between two good deeds; one that he performed and one that he intended to perform later on." quote taken from Siffat as Safwah
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==Voci correlate==
*[[Maometto]]
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