Differenze tra le versioni di "Salamiyya"

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[[File:Salamiyah Mosque.jpg|thumb|upright|Moschea di Salamiyya]]
'''Salamiyya''' ({{arabo|سلمية}}) è una città e un distretto della [[Siria]] occidentale, facente parte del [[Governatorato di Hama]].<br />
È situata 33&nbsp;km a sudest di [[Hama]] e a 45&nbsp;km a nordest di [[Homs]]. La città è chiamata "madre del [[Cairo]]" perché fu il luogo natale del secondo [[Imam]] [[fatimide]] [[al-Qa'im|Muḥammad al-Qāʾim bi-amri Allāh]], che stabilì la sua residenza in quella parte di [[Fustat]] che dal 969 divenne Il Cairo e che era stata il primo quartier generale di suo padre [[Ubayd Allah al-Mahdi]], che istituì l'[[Imamato]] fatimide.<br />
La città è un importante centro dell'attività dei [[Nizariti]] [[Ismailismo|ismailiti]] e il luogo di nascita del poeta [[Muhammad al-Maghut]]. La popolazione - in base al [[censimento]] del 2004 - era di 66.724 persone.<ref>[http://www.cbssyr.org/new%20web%20site/General_census/census_2004/NH/TAB05-10-2004.htm Salamyah city population]</ref>
According to [[Ismaili]] [[Muslims]], their [[Imam]], [[Isma'il ibn Jafar]] died and was buried in the city after going into hiding during the eighth century. The city became the secret headquarters of the [[Ismaili]] movement from the early ninth century until 902, it was from there that missionaries were originally sent for propagating the Ismaili teachings in different regions. It was from Salamiyah, that the Ismaili Imams secretly guided the activities of their followers from North Africa to Persia, Azerbaijan, and Central Asia. According to conflicting histories, the Ismaili Imam, and first Fatamid Caliph, Ubayd Allah al-Mahdi Billah was either born in Salamiyah or came to the city in 882 from Khuzistan, in modern day Iran where he was raised by his uncle Abul Shalaghlagh the Hujjah (also called Lahiq) or clerical leader of the Ismailis of Salamiyah one of the twelve Ismaili communities at the time. Ubayd Allah's son Muhammad al-Qaim Bi-Amrillah, an Ismaili Imam and the second Fatamid Caliph, was born in Salamiyah in the late ninth century, and both left the city to establish the Fatamid state in northern Africa in the early tenth century.
After the death of Abul Shalaghlagh in 899, a dispute arose between Salamiyah Ismailis due to the fact that he left no male descendants and apparently had designated his nephew Ubayd Allah as his spiritual successor and leader of the Salamiyah Ismaili movement. Thereafter, a schism split the movement, provoked by Ubayd Allah's claims on the imamate for himself and his descendants. Hamdan Qarmat and 'Abdan, who may have previously drifted slightly away from the doctrine propagated by the leadership, broke off their support. Qarmat's followers would eventually be known as the [[Qarmatians]], and after Ubayd Allah fled from Salamiyah to found the Fatamid Ismaili state in North Africa in 899, the Qarmatis would reject the legitimacy of the Fatamids. In 903, Salamiyah was destroyed for the third time by an invasion from the rebel Qarmatian Ismailis.
Salamiyah is mentioned by historians as a very small town with limited rural settlement consequent to the Qarmatian invasion until the early [[Ottoman Empire|Ottoman]] period wherein it was apparently deserted due to lack of protection from Bedouin attacks. Salamiyah was rebuilt when permission by the Ottoman [[Sultan]] [[Abdul Hamid II]] through a firman in July 1849 gave permission for the emigration of Ismailis led by Ismail bin Muhammad, the Ismaili [[amir]] of [[Qadmus]] in northern Syria. Ismailis from Qadmus and [[Masyaf]] amongst other smaller towns and villages emigrated to the newly rebuilt city which was first occupied by only sixteen families and by 1861, Salamiyah became an agricultural village. The final major Ismaili immigration to Salamiyah occurred in 1919.
[[File:Mosque Imam Abadullah,Salamia,Syria.JPG|thumb|left|Mosque Imam Abadullah,Salamia,Syria,renovated by Dawoodi Bohra]]
"The Ismaili dais in search of a new residence for their Imam came to Salamia and inspected the town and approached the owner, Muhammad bin Abdullah bin Saleh, who had transformed the town into a flourishing commercial centre. They told him that there was a Hashimite merchant from Basra who was desirous of settling in the town. He readily accepted and pointed out to them a site along the main street in the market, where existed a house belonging to a certain Abu Farha. The Ismaili dais bought it for their Imam and informed him about it. Wafi Ahmad arrived to his new residence as an ordinary merchant. He soon pulled down the old building and had new ones built in its place; and also built a new wall around it. He also built a tunnel inside his house, leading to the desert, whose length was about 12 miles. Money and treasures were carried on camels to the door of that tunnel at night. The door opened and the camels entered with their loads inside the house."
Photo placed here shows the mousoleum of the Imam. Near his ''kabra mubarak'' ("blessed grave"), the tunnel opening still exists.
==Collegamenti esterni==
*[{{cita web|url=http://maps.google.com/maps?q=35.0118,37.0525&ie=UTF8&z=14&ll=35.011791,37.052507&spn=0.031212,0.107803&t=k&om=1&iwloc=addr |titolo=Google Satellite Image]}}
*[{{cita web|url=http://www.syriatourism.org/index.php?module=subjects&func=viewpage&pageid=1906 |titolo=Ministry of Tourism]}}
*[{{cita web|url=http://salamieh.reefnet.gov.sy/]|titolo=}}
*[{{cita web|url=http://www.salamieh.com]|titolo=}}
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