Balta (isole Shetland): differenze tra le versioni

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'''Balta''' (in [[antico norreno]]: "''Baltey"''<ref name=saga>Anderson, Joseph (ed.) (1873) [https://archive.org/details/orkneyingasaga00goudgoog ''The Orkneyinga Saga'']. Tradotto da Jón A. Hjaltalin & Gilbert Goudie. Edinburgh. Edmonston and Douglas. The Internet Archive. 26 agosto 2013</ref>) è un'isola non abitata delle [[Shetland]], in [[Scozia]].
 
==Geografia==
 
Balta Island Seafare e Skaw Smolts sono i siti di itticoltura più settentrionali della Gran Bretagna.<ref>{{cita web| url=http://www.organic.shetland.co.uk/| titolo=Balta Island Seafare| accesso=5 gennaio 2008| archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20080218221141/http://www.organic.shetland.co.uk/}}</ref>
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==History==
Historic remains on the island include the [[ruins]] of a [[broch]] and of a [[Norsemen|Norse]] [[chapel]] dedicated to [[Saint Sunniva]]. There are no census records of more recent inhabitation.<ref name=Smith>{{cita libro | cognome = Haswell-Smith | nome = Hamish | anno = 2004 | titolo = The Scottish Islands | luogo = Edimburgo| editore = Canongate |ref = harv |url = http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=bXFwKl5gVqwC| isbn = 978-1-84195-454-7 }}</ref>
 
==Storia==
[[John MacCulloch]] visited Balta in May 1820 to carry out the Trigonometrical Survey for the [[Ordnance Survey]]. Balta was the northernmost station of the zenith sector.<ref>{{Cite journal| author=Derek Flinn| title=John MacCulloch, MD, FRS and his Geological Map of Scotland: His Years in the Ordnance. 1795&ndash;1826| journal=Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London| pages=91| year=1981| publisher=The Royal Society| location=London| postscript=| jstor=531659|doi=10.1098/rsnr.1981.0006| volume=36}}</ref>
HistoricTra remainsi onresti thestorici islandpresenti includesull'isola thevi [[ruins]]sono ofle arovine di un [[broch]] ande ofdi auna [[Norsemen|Norse]]cappella [[chapel]]norrena dedicateddedicata toa [[SaintSunniva|San Sunniva]]. ThereNon arevi nosono censustracce recordscensite ofdi moreabitazione recentpiù inhabitationrecente.<ref name=Smith>{{cita libro | cognome = Haswell-Smith | nome = Hamish | anno = 2004 | titolo = The Scottish Islands | luogo = Edimburgo| editore = Canongate |ref = harv |url = http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=bXFwKl5gVqwC| isbn = 978-1-84195-454-7 }}</ref>
 
[[John MacCulloch]] visitedvisitò Balta innel Maymaggio 1820 toper carrycondurre outuna theindagine Trigonometricaltrigonometrica Survey for theper l'[[Ordnance Survey]]. Balta wasfu thela northernmoststazoine stationpiù ofsettentrionale thedel zenithsettore sector[[zenit]].<ref>{{CiteCita journallibro| authorautore=Derek Flinn| titletitolo=John MacCulloch, MD, FRS and his Geological Map of Scotland: His Years in the Ordnance. 1795&ndash;1826| journalrivista=Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London| pagespagina=91| yearanno=1981| publishereditore=The Royal Society| locationluogo=London| postscript=| jstor=531659|doi=10.1098/rsnr.1981.0006Londra| volume=36}}</ref>
 
==Faro==
TheIl Faro di Balta Light, atsituato theal southernmargine tipmeridionale ofdell'isola, thefu islanduna wasdelle oneprime ofstrutture thein firstcemento [[concrete]] structures indelle Shetland. TheIl [[lighthouse]]faro wasfu designedprogettato byda [[David Alan Stevenson|David Stevenson]]e andcostruito built innel 1895.; Itfu wasdemolito demolishednel in2003 2003e sostituto andda replaceduna bypiccola alampada smallad [[solarenergia energy|solar-poweredsolare]] light.<ref name="news">{{citecita news|url=http://www.shetland-news.co.uk/archives/pages/news%20stories/2003/November%202003/historic_lighthouse_to_go.htm |workopera=shetland-news.co.uk/Wayback Machine |titletitolo=Historic lighthouse to go |datedata=10 Novembernovembre 2003 |firstnome=Hans J. |lastcognome=Marter |accessdateaccesso=15 Octoberottobre 2013 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20070927003951/http://www.shetland-news.co.uk/archives/pages/news%20stories/2003/November%202003/historic_lighthouse_to_go.htm |archivedate=September 27, 2007 }}</ref>
 
==Lighthouse==
The Balta Light, at the southern tip of the island was one of the first [[concrete]] structures in Shetland. The [[lighthouse]] was designed by [[David Alan Stevenson|David Stevenson]] and built in 1895. It was demolished in 2003 and replaced by a small [[solar energy|solar-powered]] light.<ref name="news">{{cite news|url=http://www.shetland-news.co.uk/archives/pages/news%20stories/2003/November%202003/historic_lighthouse_to_go.htm |work=shetland-news.co.uk/Wayback Machine |title=Historic lighthouse to go |date=10 November 2003 |first=Hans J. |last=Marter |accessdate=15 October 2013 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20070927003951/http://www.shetland-news.co.uk/archives/pages/news%20stories/2003/November%202003/historic_lighthouse_to_go.htm |archivedate=September 27, 2007 }}</ref>
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==Note==
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