Stati per aspettativa di vita

lista di un progetto Wikimedia

Questa è una lista di stati per speranza di vita alla nascita.

Stati per aspettativa di vita secondo l'Organizzazione mondiale della sanità (2019).

     oltre 80

     77.5-80.0

     75.0-77.5

     73.5-75.0

     70.0-73.5

     67.5-70.0

     65.0-67.5

     60-65

     55-60

     50-55

     45-50

     sotto 45

     non disponibile

Confronto del valore medio maschile e femminile dell'aspettativa di vita per nazioni e territori, secondo il 2013 CIA Factbook mediante grafico a bolle. La linea tratteggiata corrisponde al valore mediano tra maschi e femmine. I volumi delle bolle 3D sono proporzionali alla popolazione.[1][2] (Nel grafico formato SVG, si può navigare nei dati singolarmente.)

MetodologiaModifica

La lista di stati per speranza di vita alla nascita, ossia il numero di anni vissuti mediamente da un gruppo di persone della stessa nazione il medesimo anno, con livello di mortalità costante. I dati confrontano tutta la popolazione, di entrambi i sessi. Sono incluse anche le entità non nazionali. La lista delle Nazioni Unite considera solo le nazioni con almeno 100 000 abitanti.

A livello planetario il valore medio è di 73,3 anni (70,8 anni per i maschi e 75,9 anni per le femmine). Secondo i dati del 2015 dell'Organizzazione mondiale della sanità, le donne vivono mediamente più degli uomini in tutti i paesi del mondo eccetto in Mali ed eSwatini.[3]

Il confronto diretto tra i vari Stati risulta problematico, con definizioni diverse di nati vivi e quasi nati tra i paesi sviluppati e no.[4]

Lista secondo l'Organizzazione mondiale della sanità (2020)Modifica

Paese Aspettativa alla nascita Aspettative a 60 anni HALE alla nascita HALE a 60 anni
Tot M F Δ dal 2000 Δ M/F Tot M F Δ dal 2000 Δ M/F Tot M F Δ M/F Tot M F Δ M/F
  Giappone 84.3 81.5 86.9 3.2 5.4 26.3 23.9 28.6 2.2 4.7 74.1 72.6 75.5 2.9 20.4 18.8 21.8 3.0
  Svizzera 83.4 81.8 85.1 3.7 3.3 25.4 24.1 26.6 2.4 2.5 72.5 72.2 72.8 0.6 19.5 18.8 20.2 1.4
  Corea del Sud 83.3 80.3 86.1 7.1 5.8 25.8 23.4 27.9 5.1 4.5 73.1 71.3 74.7 3.4 19.8 18.2 21.2 3.0
  Singapore 83.2 81.0 85.5 4.8 4.5 25.5 23.8 27.2 4.0 3.4 73.6 72.4 74.7 2.3 20.0 18.8 21.0 2.2
  Spagna 83.2 80.7 85.7 4.1 5.0 25.4 23.3 27.3 2.7 4.0 72.1 71.3 72.9 1.6 19.2 18.0 20.3 2.3
  Cipro 83.1 81.1 85.1 4.4 4.0 24.9 23.3 26.4 3.0 3.1 72.4 71.8 73.0 1.2 19.0 18.1 19.9 1.8
  Australia 83.0 81.3 84.8 3.3 3.5 25.6 24.4 26.8 2.5 2.4 70.9 70.2 71.7 1.5 19.0 18.2 19.7 1.5
  Italia 83.0 80.9 84.9 3.6 4.0 25.0 23.4 26.5 2.5 3.1 71.9 71.2 72.6 1.4 18.9 17.9 19.8 1.9
  Israele 82.6 80.8 84.4 4.0 3.6 24.9 23.6 26.0 3.0 2.4 72.4 72.0 72.7 0.7 19.3 18.7 19.9 1.2
  Norvegia 82.6 81.1 84.1 4.7 3.0 25.1 24.1 26.0 3.1 1.9 71.4 71.0 71.6 0.6 18.5 17.8 19.1 1.3
  Francia 82.5 79.8 85.1 3.6 5.3 25.3 23.3 27.2 2.3 3.9 72.1 71.1 73.1 2.0 19.7 18.5 20.8 2.3
  Lussemburgo 82.4 80.6 84.2 4.2 3.6 24.4 22.9 25.8 2.6 2.9 71.6 71.1 72.0 0.9 18.5 17.7 19.3 1.6
  Svezia 82.4 80.8 84.0 2.8 3.2 24.5 23.3 25.6 2.1 2.3 71.9 71.7 72.1 0.4 18.9 18.3 19.4 1.1
  Islanda 82.3 80.8 83.9 2.6 3.1 24.6 23.7 25.5 2.0 1.8 72.0 71.7 72.3 0.6 19.0 18.6 19.4 0.8
  Canada 82.2 80.4 84.1 3.1 3.7 25.2 23.8 26.4 2.7 2.6 71.3 70.5 72.0 1.5 19.0 18.2 19.7 1.5
  Nuova Zelanda 82.0 80.4 83.5 3.4 3.1 24.8 23.8 25.8 2.4 2.0 70.2 69.6 70.8 1.2 18.6 17.9 19.2 1.3
  Malta 81.9 79.9 83.8 4.0 3.9 24.5 23.0 25.9 3.7 2.9 71.5 70.9 71.9 1.0 18.9 18.0 19.6 1.6
  Irlanda 81.8 80.2 83.5 5.4 3.3 24.2 23.0 25.3 4.0 2.3 71.1 70.7 71.4 0.7 18.6 18.0 19.2 1.2
  Paesi Bassi 81.8 80.4 83.1 3.8 2.7 24.1 23.0 25.1 2.8 2.1 71.4 71.3 71.5 0.2 18.4 17.9 18.9 1.0
  Germania 81.7 78.7 84.8 3.6 6.1 24.4 21.9 26.9 2.6 5.0 70.9 69.7 72.1 2.4 18.5 17.0 19.9 2.9
  Austria 81.6 79.4 83.8 3.4 4.4 24.1 22.4 25.6 2.1 3.2 70.9 69.9 71.9 2.0 18.3 17.2 19.4 2.2
  Finlandia 81.6 79.2 84.0 4.0 4.8 24.2 22.4 25.8 2.6 3.4 71.0 69.9 72.0 2.1 18.5 17.3 19.5 2.2
  Portogallo 81.6 78.6 84.4 5.0 5.8 24.3 22.1 26.3 3.1 4.2 71.0 69.6 72.2 2.6 18.6 17.3 19.8 2.5
  Belgio 81.4 79.3 83.5 3.7 4.2 24.0 22.3 25.6 2.4 3.3 70.6 69.8 71.3 1.5 18.2 17.2 19.1 1.9
  Regno Unito 81.4 79.8 83.0 3.5 3.2 24.1 23.0 25.2 2.8 2.2 70.1 69.6 70.6 1.0 18.3 17.6 18.9 1.3
  Danimarca 81.3 79.6 83.0 4.4 3.4 23.6 22.3 24.9 3.0 2.6 71.0 70.7 71.4 0.7 18.2 17.6 18.9 1.3
  Slovenia 81.3 78.6 84.1 5.2 5.5 23.8 21.8 25.6 3.3 3.8 70.7 69.0 72.5 3.5 17.8 16.4 19.2 2.8
  Grecia 81.1 78.6 83.6 2.9 5.0 23.8 22.1 25.5 2.3 3.4 70.9 69.9 71.9 2.0 18.4 17.3 19.5 2.2
  Kuwait 81.0 79.3 83.9 3.1 4.6 24.0 22.8 25.9 1.8 3.1 70.1 69.5 71.1 1.6 17.8 17.1 18.9 1.8
  Costa Rica 80.8 78.3 83.4 2.8 5.1 25.0 23.6 26.4 2.6 2.8 70.0 68.6 71.3 2.7 18.7 17.8 19.5 1.7
  Cile 80.7 78.1 83.2 3.9 5.1 24.3 22.4 25.9 3.0 3.5 70.0 69.0 71.1 2.1 18.4 17.3 19.3 2.0
  Perù 79.9 78.5 81.3 5.5 2.8 24.4 23.7 25.1 2.1 1.4 69.5 69.2 69.8 0.6 18.5 18.3 18.7 0.4
  Maldive 79.6 78.6 80.8 8.6 2.2 22.1 21.4 23.1 4.1 1.7 70.0 69.7 70.0 0.3 16.8 16.4 17.2 0.8
  Colombia 79.3 76.7 81.9 5.6 5.2 24.0 22.5 25.3 2.3 2.8 69.0 67.4 70.5 3.1 18.1 17.1 18.9 1.8
  Panama 79.3 76.6 82.1 2.1 5.5 24.3 22.6 26.0 1.0 3.4 68.7 67.4 70.0 2.6 18.1 17.1 19.2 2.1
  Rep. Ceca 79.1 76.3 81.9 4.1 5.6 22.1 19.9 24.0 2.8 4.1 68.8 67.0 70.6 3.6 16.3 14.7 17.8 3.1
  Estonia 78.9 74.7 82.6 8.0 7.9 22.5 19.3 25.0 3.9 5.7 69.2 66.4 71.7 5.3 17.3 14.8 19.1 4.3
  Croazia 78.6 75.5 81.6 4.2 6.1 21.8 19.4 23.7 2.8 4.3 68.6 66.7 70.5 3.8 16.2 14.6 17.7 3.1
  Turchia 78.6 76.4 80.7 4.2 4.3 22.0 20.6 23.2 0.5 2.6 68.4 67.8 69.0 1.2 16.6 15.8 17.3 1.5
  Stati Uniti 78.4 76.3 80.7 1.8 4.4 23.1 21.8 24.4 1.7 2.6 66.1 65.2 67.0 1.8 16.4 15.6 17.1 1.5
  Ecuador 78.4 76.4 80.5 3.9 4.1 23.2 22.0 24.3 1.3 2.3 68.5 67.7 69.3 1.6 17.6 17.0 18.2 1.2
  Polonia 78.3 74.5 81.9 4.6 7.4 22.1 19.5 24.3 2.9 4.8 68.7 65.9 71.3 5.4 16.8 14.9 18.5 3.6
 Europa 78.2 75.1 81.3 5.7 6.2 22.5 20.5 24.3 2.9 3.8 68.3 66.6 70.0 3.4 17.1 15.8 18.3 2.5
  Slovacchia 78.2 74.8 81.4 4.9 6.6 21.8 19.3 23.9 3.3 4.6 68.5 66.2 70.8 4.6 16.6 14.6 18.2 3.6
  Albania 78.0 76.3 79.9 4.5 3.6 21.0 20.2 21.9 2.0 1.7 69.1 68.0 70.3 2.3 16.6 15.9 17.3 1.4
  Giordania 77.9 77.0 78.8 5.3 1.8 21.8 21.6 22.1 3.2 0.5 67.6 68.1 67.2 0.9 16.2 16.3 16.2 0.1
  Cuba 77.8 75.4 80.3 1.0 4.9 21.6 20.0 23.2 0.0 3.2 67.8 66.6 69.2 2.6 16.3 15.2 17.4 2.2
 Pacifico occidentale 77.7 74.8 80.8 5.3 6.0 21.8 19.8 23.9 2.5 4.1 68.6 67.0 70.2 3.2 16.5 15.4 17.7 2.3
  Thailandia 77.7 74.4 81.0 6.4 6.6 23.6 22.1 24.8 2.8 2.7 68.3 65.9 70.6 4.7 18.0 17.0 18.8 1.8
  Cina 77.4 74.7 80.5 5.8 5.8 21.1 19.2 23.1 2.7 3.9 68.5 67.2 70.0 2.8 15.9 15.0 16.9 1.9
  Iran 77.3 75.7 79.1 4.7 3.4 21.8 21.2 22.5 2.1 1.3 66.3 66.0 66.5 0.5 15.7 15.6 15.8 0.2
 Americhe 77.2 74.5 79.8 3.1 5.3 22.7 21.2 24.0 1.6 2.8 66.2 64.8 67.5 2.7 16.6 15.7 17.4 1.7
  Qatar 77.2 78.0 76.6 5.9 -1.4 19.5 20.6 18.4 3.6 2.2 67.1 68.1 65.1 3.0 14.2 15.1 13.1 2.0
  Algeria 77.1 76.2 78.1 4.9 1.9 22.0 21.5 22.6 2.2 1.1 66.4 66.7 66.1 0.6 16.0 15.9 16.2 0.3
  Uruguay 77.1 73.5 80.6 2.3 7.1 21.7 19.0 24.0 1.1 5.0 67.5 65.4 69.5 4.1 16.6 14.9 18.2 3.
  Tunisia 77.0 74.9 79.2 2.9 4.3 21.5 20.2 22.8 1.4 2.6 66.9 66.1 67.7 1.6 16.0 15.1 16.8 1.7
  Sri Lanka 76.9 73.8 79.8 5.0 6.0 20.8 18.6 22.6 1.2 4.0 67.0 65.1 69.0 3.9 15.3 13.8 16.6 2.8
  Bosnia ed Erzegovina 76.8 74.4 79.1 1.4 4.7 20.2 18.6 21.6 0.6 3.0 67.2 65.7 68.7 3.0 15.2 14.1 16.2 2.1
  Argentina 76.6 73.5 79.5 2.5 6.0 21.1 18.8 23.1 0.9 4.3 67.1 65.4 68.8 3.4 16.3 14.8 17.6 2.8
  Antigua e Barbuda 76.5 74.9 78.0 1.9 3.1 20.6 19.8 21.3 0.3 1.5 67.0 66.2 67.7 1.5 15.8 15.3 16.3 1.0
  Ungheria 76.4 73.1 79.6 5.1 6.5 20.2 17.7 22.3 2.2 4.6 67.2 65.0 69.3 4.3 15.3 13.4 16.8 3.4
  Libano 76.4 74.0 79.2 1.8 5.2 20.5 18.8 22.4 0.7 3.6 66.0 65.1 67.0 1.9 15.0 13.9 16.2 2.3
  Trinidad e Tobago 76.1 72.5 79.9 6.4 7.4 22.7 20.4 25.0 4.6 4.6 66.2 64.0 68.6 4.6 17.2 15.6 18.9 3.3
  Emirati Arabi Uniti 76.1 75.1 78.4 2.9 3.3 19.9 19.2 21.7 1.2 2.5 66.0 65.8 66.2 0.4 14.5 14.1 15.3 1.2
  Armenia 76.0 72.5 79.2 4.1 6.7 20.4 18.2 22.1 1.6 3.9 67.1 64.9 69.1 4.2 15.7 14.2 16.9 2.7
  Barbados 76.0 74.3 77.7 1.5 3.4 20.9 19.9 21.8 0.2 1.9 67.0 66.2 67.7 1.5 16.3 15.7 16.9 1.2
  Giamaica 76.0 74.4 77.7 1.8 3.3 21.3 20.1 22.6 0.3 2.5 66.6 65.9 67.3 1.4 16.4 15.5 17.3 1.8
  Lituania 76.0 71.2 80.4 4.0 9.2 20.9 17.6 23.5 1.4 5.9 66.7 63.4 69.7 6.3 15.9 13.4 17.8 4.4
  Messico 76.0 73.1 78.9 1.6 5.8 21.8 20.5 23.1 0.2 2.6 65.8 64.3 67.2 2.9 16.1 15.3 16.8 1.5
  Brasile 75.9 72.4 79.4 4.4 7.0 21.9 20.1 23.5 2.2 3.4 65.4 63.4 67.4 4.0 16.4 15.2 17.4 2.2
  Montenegro 75.9 73.2 78.7 2.3 5.5 19.4 17.4 21.3 0.2 3.9 67.0 65.2 68.7 3.5 14.9 13.5 16.3 2.8
  Serbia 75.9 73.5 78.3 4.5 4.8 19.6 17.9 21.1 2.5 3.2 66.9 65.4 68.4 3.0 14.9 13.7 16.0 2.3
  Bahamas 75.8 75.0 77.0 5.3 2.0 19.0 18.7 19.4 4.0 0.7 65.9 66.0 65.5 -0.5 13.8 13.8 13.9 0.1
  Libia 75.8 74.2 77.3 1.4 3.1 21.3 20.5 21.9 0.3 1.4 65.2 64.9 65.5 0.6 15.5 15.3 15.8 0.5
  Paraguay 75.8 73.1 78.8 1.0 5.7 21.8 20.2 23.5 -0.2 3.3 65.8 64.5 67.3 2.8 16.5 15.4 17.6 2.2
  Romania 75.6 72.0 79.3 4.2 7.3 20.3 17.8 22.4 2.1 4.6 66.8 64.3 69.4 5.1 15.7 13.8 17.3 3.5
  Lettonia 75.4 70.6 79.8 5.2 9.2 20.5 17.2 23.0 2.2 5.8 66.2 62.9 69.3 6.4 15.6 13.2 17.4 4.2
  Bulgaria 75.1 71.6 78.6 3.5 7.0 19.8 17.4 22.0 2.2 4.6 66.3 63.9 68.7 4.8 15.2 13.4 16.9 3.5
  El Salvador 75.0 70.6 79.1 2.5 8.5 22.1 20.4 23.6 0.7 3.2 64.9 61.6 67.8 6.2 16.4 15.1 17.4 2.3
  Nicaragua 75.0 72.1 77.9 1.7 5.8 20.0 18.0 21.9 -0.1 3.9 65.5 63.7 67.2 3.5 15.1 13.7 16.3 2.6
  Bielorussia 74.8 69.7 79.6 6.0 9.9 19.7 16.0 22.5 2.5 6.5 66.0 62.3 69.4 7.1 15.1 12.3 17.2 4.9
  Macedonia del Nord 74.8 72.8 76.9 3.7 4.1 18.3 17.0 19.6 1.9 2.6 66.1 65.1 67.3 2.2 14.0 13.1 14.9 1.8
  Malaysia 74.7 72.6 77.1 1.9 4.5 19.5 18.5 20.6 1.4 2.1 65.7 64.5 66.9 2.4 14.6 14.0 15.3 1.3
  Belize 74.4 71.4 77.8 4.1 6.4 21.5 20.3 22.9 2.8 2.6 65.3 63.5 67.3 3.8 16.7 15.9 17.6 1.7
  Bangladesh 74.3 73.0 75.6 8.7 2.6 20.9 20.3 21.5 3.1 1.2 64.3 64.2 64.4 0.2 15.5 15.4 15.7 0.3
  Brunei 74.3 73.4 75.4 2.1 2.0 19.2 19.0 19.4 2.4 0.4 65.6 65.2 66.1 0.9 14.5 14.3 14.7 0.4
  Saint Lucia 74.3 71.3 77.7 1.1 6.4 20.9 19.2 22.9 0.9 3.7 64.7 63.0 66.6 3.6 15.8 14.7 17.1 2.4
  Arabia Saudita 74.3 73.1 76.1 3.8 3.0 19.9 19.3 20.8 2.4 1.5 64.0 63.8 64.4 0.6 14.0 13.8 14.4 0.6
  Kirghizistan 74.2 70.7 77.3 8.2 6.6 20.0 17.8 21.7 3.3 3.9 65.8 63.6 67.7 4.1 15.7 14.2 16.8 2.6
  Mauritius 74.1 71.0 77.3 2.9 6.3 20.3 18.5 22.0 2.5 3.5 63.9 62.0 65.9 3.9 14.5 13.3 15.6 2.3
  Capo Verde 74.0 69.9 77.9 3.0 8.0 19.7 16.8 21.8 -0.7 5.0 64.8 62.2 67.2 5.0 14.9 13.0 16.3 3.3
  Kazakistan 74.0 70.0 77.6 10.9 7.6 19.5 16.8 21.4 4.2 4.6 65.0 62.4 67.4 5.0 14.8 13.0 16.2 3.2
  Oman 73.9 73.0 75.3 4.8 2.3 17.8 17.2 18.5 2.2 1.3 64.7 64.5 64.5 0.0 13.2 12.9 13.5 0.6
  Venezuela 73.9 69.9 78.2 -0.2 8.3 21.7 19.7 23.6 0.4 3.9 64.4 61.9 67.1 5.2 16.3 15.0 17.5 2.5
  Vietnam 73.7 69.6 78.1 2.3 8.5 19.6 16.9 22.0 0.7 5.1 65.3 62.4 68.3 5.9 14.8 12.9 16.4 3.5
 Mondo 73.3 70.8 75.9 6.5 5.1 21.1 19.5 22.7 2.3 3.2 63.7 62.5 64.9 2.4 15.8 14.8 16.6 1.8
  Georgia 73.3 68.8 77.8 3.9 9.0 18.8 16.0 21.0 1.8 5.0 64.7 61.4 67.9 6.5 14.4 12.4 16.1 3.7
  Moldavia 73.3 69.3 77.1 6.4 7.8 19.0 16.6 20.9 3.2 4.3 64.5 61.9 67.1 5.2 14.6 12.8 16.0 3.2
  Seychelles 73.3 70.0 77.1 1.4 7.1 19.5 17.5 21.5 0.5 4.0 64.0 61.9 66.4 4.5 14.1 12.7 15.4 2.7
  Bahamas 73.2 69.9 76.6 2.3 6.7 20.8 19.1 22.4 0.9 3.3 64.4 62.3 66.5 4.2 16.2 14.9 17.3 2.4
  Russia 73.2 68.2 78.0 7.9 9.8 19.9 16.8 22.2 3.5 5.4 64.2 60.7 67.5 6.8 15.0 12.8 16.7 3.9
  Saint Vincent e Grenadine 73.2 71.3 75.3 2.6 4.0 20.9 20.2 21.6 2.4 1.4 64.0 62.9 65.1 2.2 15.9 15.4 16.4 1.0
  Bhutan 73.1 72.0 74.4 7.4 2.4 19.4 18.9 19.9 1.5 1.0 63.4 63.2 63.5 0.3 14.5 14.3 14.7 0.4
  Marocco 73.0 71.7 74.3 3.7 2.6 18.7 17.7 19.6 0.3 1.9 63.7 63.7 63.7 0.0 14.1 13.7 14.6 0.9
  Ucraina 73.0 68.0 77.8 5.5 9.8 19.5 16.4 21.7 2.7 5.3 64.3 60.6 67.8 7.2 15.0 12.7 16.7 4.0
  Uzbekistan 73.0 70.8 75.2 7.7 4.4 18.6 17.3 19.8 2.6 2.5 64.7 63.5 65.8 2.3 14.5 13.7 15.3 1.6
  Grenada 72.9 70.6 75.3 0.9 4.7 18.7 17.2 20.3 0.8 3.1 63.9 62.6 65.4 2.8 14.3 13.1 15.6 2.5
  Rep. Dominicana 72.8 69.8 76.2 -0.4 6.4 20.6 19.0 22.4 -1.8 3.4 64.0 62.1 66.1 4.0 16.0 14.8 17.2 2.4
  Siria 72.7 71.2 74.3 1.2 3.1 18.7 18.2 19.3 1.1 1.1 62.9 62.5 63.3 0.8 13.9 13.8 14.2 0.4
  Corea del Nord 72.6 69.3 75.7 8.6 6.4 19.1 16.8 20.8 3.6 4.0 65.0 63.3 66.6 3.3 14.9 13.6 15.8 2.2
  Tonga 72.6 69.8 75.6 1.7 5.8 19.0 17.0 21.2 1.0 4.2 64.0 62.7 65.5 2.8 14.5 13.3 15.7 2.4
  Iraq 72.4 69.9 75.0 3.6 5.1 19.2 17.6 20.7 0.9 3.1 62.7 61.6 63.7 2.1 14.2 13.3 15.0 1.7
  Bolivia 72.1 71.1 73.1 6.1 2.0 18.6 18.0 19.1 0.8 1.1 63.3 63.2 63.3 0.1 14.2 14.0 14.4 0.4
  Guatemala 72.0 69.0 75.0 5.2 6.0 20.5 19.4 21.4 1.4 2.0 62.3 60.5 64.1 3.6 15.0 14.4 15.5 1.1
  Honduras 71.9 70.7 73.2 1.9 2.5 18.3 17.5 19.1 -1.3 1.6 63.0 62.7 63.3 0.6 13.8 13.4 14.2 0.8
  Egitto 71.8 69.6 74.1 2.0 4.5 17.8 16.5 19.1 -0.7 2.6 63.0 62.3 63.7 1.4 13.4 12.7 14.0 1.3
  Suriname 71.5 68.5 74.6 1.6 6.1 18.5 16.4 20.5 -0.4 4.1 62.4 60.7 64.2 3.5 14.1 12.6 15.4 2.8
 Sud est asiatico 71.4 69.9 73.1 8.0 3.2 19.1 18.2 20.0 2.5 1.8 61.5 61.1 61.9 0.8 13.7 13.3 14.1 0.8
  Azerbaigian 71.4 68.8 74.1 5.9 5.3 17.1 15.6 18.3 0.5 2.7 63.6 62.1 65.2 3.1 13.4 12.4 14.2 1.8
  Indonesia 71.3 69.4 73.3 4.1 3.9 17.9 16.7 19.1 0.3 2.4 62.8 61.9 63.8 1.9 13.4 12.7 14.0 1.3
  Nepal 70.9 68.9 72.7 5.6 3.8 18.0 16.8 19.2 0.4 2.4 61.3 60.6 62.1 1.5 13.3 12.7 13.8 1.1
  India 70.8 69.5 72.2 8.7 2.7 18.8 18.1 19.5 2.7 1.4 60.3 60.3 60.4 0.1 13.2 13.0 13.5 0.5
  Samoa 70.5 69.2 71.8 2.0 2.6 17.9 17.4 18.3 0.8 0.9 62.1 61.8 62.5 0.7 13.4 13.3 13.5 0.2
  Filippine 70.4 67.4 73.6 1.4 6.2 17.8 15.8 19.6 0.2 3.8 62.0 60.1 63.9 3.8 13.4 12.1 14.6 2.5
  São Tomé e Príncipe 70.4 68.8 72.0 6.9 3.2 17.7 16.7 18.6 0.6 1.9 61.6 60.9 62.2 1.3 13.1 12.6 13.7 1.1
  Cambogia 70.1 67.2 72.7 11.4 5.5 17.7 15.9 19.1 1.9 3.2 61.5 59.8 63.0 3.2 13.2 12.0 14.1 2.1
 Est mediterraneo 69.7 68.3 71.3 4.7 3.0 18.5 17.8 19.3 1.1 1.5 60.4 60.2 60.7 0.5 13.6 13.4 13.9 0.5
  Turkmenistan 69.7 66.5 73.0 6.4 6.5 18.7 17.1 20.1 2.4 3.0 62.1 59.9 64.3 4.4 14.7 13.6 15.6 2.0
  Timor Est 69.6 67.9 71.4 6.9 3.5 17.9 16.9 18.9 0.0 2.0 60.9 59.8 62.0 2.2 13.2 12.5 13.8 1.3
  Tagikistan 69.5 67.6 71.5 3.9 3.9 16.1 15.1 17.2 -1.1 2.1 62.0 60.9 63.2 2.3 12.7 12.1 13.4 1.3
  Birmania 69.1 65.9 72.2 9.1 6.3 18.1 16.2 19.6 2.7 3.4 60.9 58.8 62.8 4.0 13.6 12.4 14.6 2.2
  Ruanda 69.1 66.9 71.2 21.6 4.3 18.0 16.6 19.2 4.6 2.6 60.2 59.0 61.4 2.4 13.6 12.7 14.4 1.7
  Sudan 69.1 67.6 70.8 6.6 3.2 18.6 17.8 19.4 1.3 1.6 59.9 59.6 60.3 0.7 13.6 13.3 14.0 0.7
  Etiopia 68.7 66.9 70.5 18.1 3.6 18.4 17.4 19.4 4.3 2.0 59.9 59.0 60.8 1.8 13.9 13.3 14.4 1.1
  Senegal 68.6 66.8 70.1 10.0 3.3 18.1 17.2 18.9 1.5 1.7 59.4 58.8 59.9 1.1 13.1 12.6 13.5 0.9
  Laos 68.5 66.2 70.9 10.1 4.7 17.6 16.3 18.9 2.3 2.6 60.5 59.2 61.9 2.7 13.3 12.5 14.0 1.5
  Mauritania 68.4 68.1 68.7 6.4 0.6 19.0 19.1 18.9 1.9 -0.2 59.8 60.2 59.4 -0.8 14.3 14.6 14.1 -0.5
  Figi 68.0 65.9 70.3 2.1 4.4 16.2 14.9 17.5 1.5 2.6 59.6 58.5 60.7 2.2 11.8 11.1 12.6 1.5
  Comore 67.4 65.9 68.9 5.9 3.0 18.1 17.4 18.8 1.8 1.4 58.9 58.3 59.6 1.3 13.7 13.2 14.1 0.9
  Tanzania 67.3 65.4 69.3 14.8 3.9 18.2 17.1 19.1 2.2 2.0 58.5 57.6 59.3 1.7 13.4 12.7 13.9 1.2
  Uganda 66.7 63.2 70.1 17.9 6.9 17.7 15.7 19.4 3.0 3.7 58.2 56.0 60.4 4.4 13.4 12.0 14.6 2.6
  Yemen 66.6 64.4 68.9 3.9 4.5 17.8 16.8 18.7 1.0 1.9 57.5 56.9 58.2 1.3 13.3 12.8 13.7 0.9
  Gabon 66.5 63.6 69.7 8.4 6.1 17.2 15.2 19.3 2.0 4.1 57.6 56.0 59.3 3.3 12.8 11.4 14.2 2.8
  Ghana 66.3 63.7 69.2 7.1 5.5 17.2 15.7 18.9 1.2 3.2 58.0 56.5 59.6 3.1 12.9 11.9 14.0 2.1
  Kenya 66.1 63.7 68.4 12.2 4.7 17.6 16.0 19.1 1.3 3.1 57.7 56.4 58.9 2.5 13.1 11.9 14.0 2.1
  Gibuti 65.8 64.1 67.8 6.0 3.7 17.8 16.6 19.0 1.5 2.4 58.0 57.2 58.9 1.7 13.6 12.9 14.4 1.5
  Guyana 65.7 62.5 69.4 2.7 6.9 16.6 15.1 18.1 0.7 3.0 57.2 55.1 59.7 4.6 12.5 11.5 13.6 2.1
  Malawi 65.6 62.3 68.9 20.9 6.6 17.2 15.1 19.0 3.2 3.9 57.1 55.1 59.0 3.9 12.8 11.3 14.0 2.7
  Pakistan 65.6 64.6 66.7 5.5 2.1 17.3 16.8 17.8 1.6 1.0 56.9 56.9 56.8 -0.1 12.6 12.5 12.6 0.1
  Gambia 65.5 63.4 67.7 6.3 4.3 16.9 15.8 18.0 0.7 2.2 57.0 56.4 57.7 1.3 12.6 12.1 13.2 1.1
  Madagascar 65.3 64.1 66.6 6.5 2.5 16.8 16.1 17.3 1.4 1.2 57.3 56.9 57.7 0.8 12.6 12.3 12.9 0.6
  Papua Nuova Guinea 65.3 63.4 67.4 2.0 4.0 16.5 15.4 17.6 0.1 2.2 57.1 56.2 58.1 1.9 12.3 11.7 12.8 1.1
  Vanuatu 65.3 62.7 68.3 1.4 5.6 15.7 14.8 16.7 0.7 1.9 57.8 56.4 59.4 3.0 11.9 11.5 12.4 0.9
  Isole Salomone 65.2 62.9 67.9 2.7 5.0 15.5 14.7 16.3 1.1 1.6 57.8 56.5 59.1 2.6 11.8 11.4 12.2 0.8
  Rep. del Congo 64.7 63.8 65.6 12.6 1.8 16.4 15.7 17.1 2.5 1.4 56.2 56.4 56.1 0.3 12.2 11.9 12.5 0.6
  Namibia 64.6 60.6 68.4 11.3 7.8 17.2 14.7 19.3 2.6 4.6 56.1 53.4 58.6 5.2 12.7 10.8 14.2 3.4
 Africa 64.5 62.4 66.6 11.8 4.2 17.9 16.7 19.0 2.4 2.3 56.0 55.0 57.1 2.1 13.3 12.6 13.9 1.3
  Sudafrica 65.3 62.2 68.3 9.5 6.1 19.1 17.3 20.5 2.9 3.2 56.2 54.6 57.7 3.1 13.9 12.7 14.8 2.1
  Togo 64.3 61.5 67.2 8.4 5.7 17.0 15.4 18.6 1.3 3.2 56.2 54.7 57.8 3.1 12.8 11.8 13.8 2.0
  Eritrea 64.1 61.3 67.1 9.6 5.8 15.5 14.1 16.8 2.0 2.7 55.7 53.9 57.7 3.8 11.4 10.4 12.4 2.0
  Haiti 64.1 63.3 64.8 7.1 1.5 16.8 16.5 17.0 1.0 0.5 55.8 55.9 55.8 -0.1 12.8 12.7 12.9 0.2
  Liberia 64.1 63.2 65.0 10.3 1.8 17.7 17.4 18.0 1.9 0.6 54.9 54.9 55.0 0.1 12.9 12.8 12.9 0.1
  Burundi 63.8 61.5 66.1 20.0 4.6 16.5 15.2 17.6 3.5 2.4 55.6 54.0 57.2 3.2 12.7 11.8 13.5 1.7
  Benin 63.4 61.2 65.7 6.8 4.5 17.4 16.1 18.5 1.3 2.4 55.5 54.5 56.6 2.1 13.0 12.3 13.7 1.4
  Niger 63.3 62.1 64.6 12.9 2.5 17.2 16.6 17.8 1.4 1.2 55.5 55.3 55.8 0.5 13.0 12.7 13.3 0.6
  Afghanistan 63.2 63.3 63.2 8.2 -0.1 15.2 15.4 15.1 1.3 -0.3 53.9 54.7 53.2 -1.5 10.8 11.2 10.6 -0.6
  Angola 63.1 60.7 65.5 13.8 4.8 17.0 15.4 18.6 2.6 3.2 54.8 53.6 56.2 2.6 12.6 11.6 13.7 2.1
  Micronesia 63.0 60.3 66.0 1.8 5.7 14.7 13.8 15.6 0.1 1.8 56.0 54.4 57.8 3.4 11.1 10.7 11.6 0.9
  Costa d'Avorio 62.9 60.5 65.8 12.6 5.3 17.1 15.8 18.7 2.6 2.9 54.8 53.4 56.5 3.1 12.7 11.9 13.7 1.8
  Mali 62.8 62.2 63.4 10.2 1.2 17.5 17.3 17.6 1.5 0.3 54.6 54.8 54.5 -0.3 12.8 12.9 12.7 -0.2
  Sudan del Sud 62.8 60.8 64.8 8.7 4.0 17.8 16.6 18.9 1.5 2.3 53.7 52.9 54.5 1.6 12.7 12.2 13.1 0.9
  Burkina Faso 62.7 60.1 65.2 11.1 5.1 16.8 15.2 18.1 1.3 2.9 54.9 53.4 56.3 2.9 12.6 11.6 13.4 1.8
  Nigeria 62.6 61.2 64.1 9.0 2.9 18.2 17.6 18.9 2.0 1.3 54.4 53.9 54.9 1.0 13.5 13.3 13.8 0.5
  Zambia 62.5 59.5 65.4 18.0 5.9 16.5 14.7 18.0 3.3 3.3 54.4 52.5 56.3 3.8 12.6 11.3 13.7 2.4
  Camerun 62.4 60.3 64.5 9.6 4.2 17.1 15.8 18.3 2.0 2.5 54.5 53.5 55.6 2.1 12.8 12.0 13.5 1.5
  RD del Congo 62.4 60.0 64.8 10.0 4.8 16.6 15.4 17.9 1.7 2.5 54.1 52.8 55.4 2.6 12.5 11.7 13.4 1.7
  Botswana 62.2 58.9 65.5 16.6 6.6 16.2 14.2 18.0 3.3 3.8 53.9 51.9 55.8 3.9 11.8 10.3 13.1 2.8
  Guinea Equatoriale 62.2 60.9 63.6 7.9 2.7 17.6 16.5 18.8 2.1 2.3 53.9 53.4 54.1 0.7 12.9 12.3 13.6 1.3
  Guinea 61.0 59.5 62.3 6.7 2.8 16.5 15.6 17.2 0.8 1.6 53.3 52.9 53.7 0.8 12.3 11.8 12.6 0.8
  Sierra Leone 60.8 59.6 61.9 12.1 2.3 17.0 16.4 17.4 1.6 1.0 52.9 52.5 53.3 0.8 12.6 12.4 12.8 0.4
  Zimbabwe 60.7 57.5 63.6 14.1 6.1 15.6 13.6 17.0 1.2 3.4 53.1 51.2 54.8 3.6 11.5 10.2 12.4 2.2
  Guinea-Bissau 60.2 57.4 63.0 9.9 5.6 15.5 13.9 16.7 1.7 2.8 52.6 51.1 54.1 3.0 11.4 10.5 12.1 1.6
  Ciad 59.6 58.0 61.3 8.5 3.3 16.5 15.7 17.3 1.6 1.6 52.0 51.3 52.8 1.5 12.3 11.8 12.7 0.9
  Kiribati 59.4 56.1 62.8 3.7 6.7 13.7 12.5 14.6 1.1 2.1 52.6 50.5 54.9 4.4 10.3 9.5 11.0 1.5
  Mozambico 58.1 54.5 61.7 7.4 7.2 15.8 13.3 17.8 0.6 4.5 50.4 47.9 52.8 4.9 11.6 9.8 13.0 3.2
  eSwatini 57.7 53.4 63.2 10.7 9.8 15.1 12.4 17.7 1.5 5.3 50.1 47.1 53.8 6.7 11.0 9.0 12.9 3.9
  Somalia 56.5 54.0 59.2 6.6 5.2 14.5 13.2 16.0 1.4 2.8 49.7 48.3 51.3 3.0 11.2 10.3 12.2 1.9
  Rep. Centrafricana 53.1 50.2 56.3 8.8 6.1 13.2 11.3 14.9 1.4 3.6 46.4 44.5 48.4 3.9 10.0 8.6 11.1 2.5
  Lesotho 50.7 47.7 54.2 2.9 6.5 13.4 11.2 15.2 -0.5 4.0 44.2 42.3 46.4 4.1 9.8 8.3 11.0 2.7

Lista delle Nazioni Unite (media per il periodo 2005-2010)Modifica

Posiz. Paese Aspet. totale Aspet. uomini Aspet. donne
Media mondiale 67,2 65,5 69,5
1   Italia 1 80,3 84,8
2   Giappone 82,0 79,3 84,6
3   Hong Kong 81,8 80,2 83,3
4   Islanda 81,7 79,0 84,2
5   Svizzera 81,2 78,9 83,6
6   Australia 80,9 77,7 84,2
7   Svezia 80,9 78,7 83,0
8   Israele 80,7 78,5 82,8
9   Macao 80,7 78,5 82,8
10   Francia 80,7 77,1 84,1
11   Spagna 80,7 78,3 82,9
12   Canada 80,5 77,5 83,5
13   Nuova Zelanda 80,2 78,2 82,2
14   Norvegia 80,2 77,8 82,5
15   Singapore (20% sopra la media globale) 80,0 78,0 81,9
16   Austria 79,8 76,9 82,6
17   Paesi Bassi 79,8 77,5 81,9
18   Martinica 79,5 76,5 82,3
19   Grecia 79,5 77,1 81,9
20   Belgio 79,4 76,5 82,3
21   Malta 79,4 77,3 81,3
22   Regno Unito 79,4 77,2 81,6
23   Germania 79,4 76,5 82,1
24   Isole Vergini americane 79,4 75,5 83,3
25   Finlandia 79,3 76,1 82,4
26   Guadalupa 79,2 76,0 82,2
27   Jersey e   Guernsey 79,0 76,6 81,5
28   Cipro 79,0 76,5 81,6
29   Irlanda 78,9 76,5 81,3
30   Costa Rica 78,8 76,5 81,2
31   Porto Rico 78,7 74,7 82,7
32   Lussemburgo 78,7 75,7 81,6
33   Emirati Arabi Uniti 78,7 77,2 81,5
34   Corea del Sud 78,6 75,0 82,2
35   Cile 78,6 75,5 81,5
36   Danimarca 78,3 76,0 80,6
37   Cuba 78,3 76,2 80,4
38   Stati Uniti 78,2 75,6 80,8
39   Portogallo 78,1 75,0 81,2
40   Slovenia 77,9 74,1 81,5
41   Kuwait 77,6 76,0 79,9
42   Barbados 77,3 74,4 79,8
43   Brunei 77,1 75,0 79,7
44   Rep. Ceca 76,5 73,4 79,5
45   La Riunione 76,4 72,3 80,5
46   Albania 76,4 73,4 79,7
47   Uruguay 76,4 72,8 79,9
48   Messico 76,2 73,7 78,6
49   Belize 76,1 73,3 79,2
50   Nicaragua 76,1 72,8 79,7
51   Guyana francese 75,9 72,5 79,9
52   Croazia 75,7 72,3 79,2
53   Oman 75,6 74,2 77,5
54   Bahrein 75,6 74,3 77,5
55   Qatar 75,6 75,2 76,4
56   Polonia 75,6 71,3 79,8
57   Panama 75,5 73,0 78,2
58   Guam 75,5 73,3 77,9
59   Argentina 75,3 71,6 79,1
60   Antille Olandesi 75,1 71,3 78,8
61   Ecuador 75,0 72,1 78,0
62   Bosnia ed Erzegovina 74,9 72,2 77,4
63   Slovacchia 74,7 70,7 78,5
64   Montenegro 74,5 72,4 76,8
65   Vietnam 74,2 72,3 76,2
66   Malaysia 74,2 72,0 76,7
67   Aruba 74,2 71,3 77,1
68   Macedonia del Nord 74,2 71,8 76,6
69   Siria 74,1 72,3 76,1
70   Polinesia francese 74,1 71,7 76,8
71   Serbia 74,0 71,7 76,3
72   Libia 74,0 71,7 76,9
73   Tunisia 73,9 71,9 76,0
74   Venezuela 73,7 70,9 76,8
75   Saint Lucia 73,7 71,8 75,6
76   Brasile 73,5 70,4 78,7
77   Bahamas 73,5 70,6 76,3
78   Palestina 73,4 71,8 75,0
79   Ungheria 73,3 69,2 77,4
80   Tonga 73,3 72,3 74,3
81   Bulgaria 73,0 69,5 76,7
82   Lituania 73,0 67,5 78,3
83   Cina 73,0 71,3 74,8
84   Nicaragua 72,9 69,9 76,0
85   Colombia 72,9 69,2 76,6
86   Mauritius 72,8 69,5 76,2
87   Arabia Saudita 72,8[5] 70,9 75,3
88   Lettonia 72,7 67,3 77,7
89   Giamaica 72,6 70,0 75,2
90   Giordania 72,5 70,8 74,5
91   Romania 72,5 69,0 76,1
92   Sri Lanka 72,4 68,8 76,2
93   Algeria 72,3 70,9 73,7
94   Rep. Dominicana 72,2 69,3 75,5
95   Libano 72,0 69,9 74,2
96   Armenia 72,0 68,4 75,1
97   El Salvador 71,9 68,8 74,9
98   Turchia 71,8 69,4 74,3
99   Paraguay 71,8 69,7 73,9
100   Filippine 71,7 69,5 73,9
101   Capo Verde 71,7 68,3 74,5
102   Saint Vincent e Grenadine 71,6 69,5 73,8
103   Samoa 71,5 68,5 74,8
104   Perù 71,4 68,9 74,0
105   Estonia 71,4 65,9 76,8
106   Egitto 71,3 69,1 73,6
107   Marocco 71,2 69,0 73,4
108   Georgia 71,0 67,1 74,8
109   Iran 71,0 69,4 72,6
110   Indonesia 70,7 68,7 72,7
111   Thailandia 70,6 66,5 75,0
112   Russia 70,3 64,3 76,4
113   Guatemala 70,3 66,7 73,8
114   Suriname 70,2 67,0 73,6
115   Honduras 70,2 66,9 73,7
116   Vanuatu 70,0 68,3 72,1
117   Trinidad e Tobago 69,8 67,8 71,8
118   Bielorussia 69,0 63,1 75,2
119   Moldavia 68,9 65,1 72,5
120   Figi 68,8 66,6 71,1
121   Grenada 68,7 67,0 70,3
122   Micronesia 68,5 67,7 69,3
123   Maldive 68,5 67,6 69,5
124   Ucraina 67,9 62,1 73,8
125   Azerbaigian 67,5 63,8 71,2
126   Corea del Nord 67,3 65,1 69,3
127   Uzbekistan (media globale) 67,2 64,0 70,4
128   Kazakistan 67,0 61,6 72,4
129   Guyana 66,8 64,2 69,9
130   Mongolia 66,8 63,9 69,9
131   Tagikistan 66,7 64,1 69,4
132   Sahara Occidentale 65,9 64,3 68,1
133   Kirghizistan 65,9 62,0 69,9
134   Bhutan 65,6 64,0 67,5
135   Bolivia 65,6 63,4 67,7
136   São Tomé e Príncipe 65,5 63,6 67,4
137   Pakistan 65,5 65,2 65,8
138   Comore 65,2 63,0 67,4
139   India 64,7 63,2 66,4
140   Laos 64,4 63,0 65,8
141   Mauritania 64,2 62,4 66,0
142   Bangladesh 64,1 63,2 65,0
143   Nepal 63,8 63,2 64,2
144   Isole Salomone 63,6 62,7 64,5
145   Turkmenistan 63,2 59,0 67,5
146   Senegal 63,1 61,0 65,1
147   Yemen 62,7 61,1 64,3
148   Birmania 62,1 59,0 65,3
149   Haiti 60,9 59,1 62,8
150   Timor Est (10% sotto la media globale) 60,8 60,0 61,7
151   Ghana 60,0 59,6 60,5
152   Cambogia 59,7 57,3 61,9
153   Iraq 59,5 57,8 61,5
154   Gambia 59,4 58,6 60,3
155   Madagascar 59,4 57,7 61,3
156   Sudan 58,6 57,1 60,1
157   Togo 58,4 56,7 60,1
158   Eritrea 58,0 55,6 60,3
159   Papua Nuova Guinea 57,2 54,6 60,4
160   Niger 56,9 57,8 56,0
161   Gabon 56,7 56,4 57,1
162   Benin 56,7 55,6 57,8
163   Guinea 56,0 54,4 57,6
164   Rep. del Congo 55,3 54,0 56,6
165   Gibuti 54,8 53,6 56,0
166   Mali 54,5 52,1 56,6
167   Kenya (20% sotto la media globale) 54,1 53,0 55,2
168   Etiopia 52,9 51,7 54,3
169   Namibia 52,9 52,5 53,1
170   Tanzania 52,5 51,4 53,6
171   Burkina Faso 52,3 50,7 53,8
172   Guinea Equatoriale 51,6 50,4 52,8
173   Uganda 51,5 50,8 52,2
174   Botswana 50,7 50,5 50,7
175   Ciad 50,6 49,3 52,0
176   Camerun 50,4 50,0 50,8
177   Burundi 49,6 48,1 51,0
178   Sudafrica 49,3 48,8 49,7
179   Costa d'Avorio 48,3 47,5 49,3
180   Malawi 48,3 48,1 48,4
181   Somalia 48,2 46,9 49,4
182   Nigeria (30% sotto la media globale) 46,9 46,4 47,3
183   RD del Congo 46,5 45,2 47,7
184   Guinea-Bissau 46,4 44,9 47,9
185   Ruanda 46,2 44,6 47,8
186   Liberia 45,7 44,8 46,6
187   Rep. Centrafricana 44,7 43,3 46,1
188   Afghanistan 43,8 43,9 43,8
189   Zimbabwe 43,5 44,1 42,6
190   Angola 42,7 41,2 44,3
191   Lesotho 42,6 42,9 42,3
192   Sierra Leone 42,6 41,0 44,1
193   Zambia 42,4 42,1 42,5
194   Mozambico 42,1 41,7 42,4
195   eSwatini (40% sotto la media globale) 39,6 39,8 39,4

NoteModifica

  1. ^ CIA - The World Factbook Life Expectancy, su cia.gov. URL consultato il 22 marzo 2012 (archiviato dall'url originale il 26 dicembre 2018).
  2. ^ Central Intelligence Agency Factbook Population, su cia.gov. URL consultato il 22 marzo 2013 (archiviato dall'url originale il 4 ottobre 2018).
  3. ^ (EN) World Population Prospects the 2015 Revision - Volume I: Comprehensive Tables (PDF), Organizzazione delle Nazioni Unite, 2015.
  4. ^ http://www.who.int/bulletin/volumes/86/6/07-043471/en/
  5. ^ Dato basato su una stima ufficiale del censimento 2004, Fonte: Dipartimento centrale di statistica[collegamento interrotto],