Differenze tra le versioni di "Sunnismo"

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== Luoghi sacri ==
I luoghi sacri del sunnismo sono per i primi tre posti gli stessi di [[sciismo|sciiti]] e [[kharigiti]] (cioè [[Al-Masjid al-Haram]] della [[Mecca]], secondo la [[Moschea del Profeta]] a [[Medina]], il terzo è la [[Monte del Tempio|Spianata delle Moschee]] a [[Gerusalemme]]). Il quarto posto è l'università islamica [[al-Azhar]] al [[Cairo]] (in particolare la sua [[Moschea di al-Azhar|moschea]]) in [[Egitto]]. Seguono ulteriori siti (senza unanime consenso e senza un ordine di preferenza specifico, ma considerati al pari di al-Azhar), tra cui la [[Moschea degli Omayyadi]] a [[Damasco]] in [[Siria]]<ref name="DumperStanley2007-Damascus">{{cite encyclopedia |editor-last1=Dumper |editor-first1=Michael R. T. |editor-last2=Stanley |editor-first2=Bruce E. |author=Janet L. Abu-Lughod (contributor) |title=Cities of the Middle East and North Africa: A Historical Encyclopedia |publisher=[[ABC-CLIO]] |chapter=Damascus |pages=119–126 |isbn=978-1-5760-7919-5 |chapter-url=https://books.google.com/books?id=3SapTk5iGDkC&pg=PA121&dq=damascus+%22fourth+holiest%22&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwidxpjPzIPfAhVutIsKHfGuC-gQ6AEILjAB#v=onepage&q=damascus%20%22fourth%20holiest%22&f=false |year=2007}}</ref><ref>[https://www.nybooks.com/daily/2013/08/02/damascus-whats-left/ Damascus: What’s Left], Sarah Birke, New York Review of Books</ref><ref>Faedah M. Totah, "Return to the origin: negotiating the modern and unmodern in the old city of Damascus", su: ''City & Society'' 21.1 (2009): 58-81.</ref>, la [[Grande moschea di Qayrawan]] (nominalmente dedicata a ''[[Sayyid|Sīdī]]'' [[Uqba ibn Nafi'|ʿUqba b. Nāfiʿ]]) in [[Tunisia]],<ref>Roni Berger, "Impressions and thoughts of an incidental tourist in Tunisia in January 2011", su: ''Journal of International Women's Studies'' 12.1 (2011), pp. 177-178.</ref><ref>Nagel, Ronald L. "Jews of the Sahara", su ''Einstein Journal of Biology and Medicine'' 21.1 (2016), pp. 25-32.</ref><ref>Ray Harris and Khalid Koser, "Islam in the Sahel" su: ''Continuity and Change in the Tunisian Sahel'', Routledge, 2018, pp. 107-120.</ref> la [[Tomba dei Patriarchi]] (o Santuario di Abramo) a [[Hebron]],<ref name=vitullo2003>{{Cita pubblicazione|anno=2003|titolo=People Tied to Place: Strengthening Cultural Identity in Hebron's Old City|nome=Anita|cognome=Vitullo|rivista=Journal of Palestine Studies|volume=33|pp=68–83|doi=10.1525/jps.2003.33.1.68}} quote: From earliest Islam, the sanctuaries of Hebron and Jerusalem [al-Haram al-Ibrahimi and al-Haram al-Sharif] were holy places outranked only by Mecca and Medina; the Ibrahimi Mosque was regarded by many as Islam’s fourth holiest site. Muslims believe that the Hebron sanctuary was visited by the Prophet Muhammad on his mystical nocturnal journey from Mecca to Jerusalem.</ref> [[Bukhara]] in [[Uzbekistan]],<ref>Kevin Jones, "Slavs and Tatars: Language arts", su: ''ArtAsiaPacific'' 91 (2014), p. 141.</ref><ref>Razia Sultanova, ''From Shamanism to Sufism: Women, Islam and Culture in Central Asia''. Vol. 3. IB Tauris, 2011.</ref> [[Distretto di Eyüp|Eyüp]] (distretto di [[Istanbul]]),<ref>Emeka E.Okonkwo and C. A. Nzeh, "Faith–Based Activities and their Tourism Potentials in Nigeria", su: ''International Journal of Research in Arts and Social Sciences'' 1 (2009), pp. 286-298.</ref><ref>Mir, Altaf Hussain, ''Impact of tourism on the development in Kashmir valley''. Diss. Aligarh Muslim University, 2008.</ref> e [[Harar]]<ref>Patrick Desplat, "The Making of a ‘Harari’City in Ethiopia: Constructing and Contesting Saintly Places in Harar", su: ''Dimensions of Locality: Muslim Saints, Their Place and Space'' 8 (2008), p. 149.</ref><ref>[https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-40656946 Harar - the Ethiopian city known as 'Africa's Mecca'], BBC, 21 July 2017</ref> in [[Etiopia]].
 
== Note ==
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