Anche divinità molto antiche, come [[Wadjet]], venivano raffigurate di fronte.
The cow goddess was called upon to confer the office upon the king and to provide the authority to sit on the throne, as king. This role for the local cow deity would have existed in each kingdom, the small as well as the large, and their cults could have had minor differences from region to region. After unification the cults of Bat and Hathor almost merged and many aspects—and traditions were exchanged—although they diverged again over time, with Hathor becoming quite distinct and having a greater role in the later [[Egyptian pantheon]]. Centralisation to one deity conferring the office of the king was essential for the unified country, yet the differences kept them apart for a long time.
Hathor's cult centre happened to be in the 6th Nome of Upper Egypt, which lay next to the 7th where Bat was the cow goddess, which may indicate that they were once the same goddess, whose two different titles led to divergence of the goddess under each. In many cases the differences were so strong that, as a result, there has been considerable confusion of the goddesses amongst Egyptologists.
In the image to the right above, a king of the fourth dynasty is flanked by both goddesses. They are remarkably similar in this large sculpture, however, their crowns identify them clearly. The emblem on Bat repeats the sistrum imagery and her [[zoomorphic]] face is present upon it (wearing another sistrum). The image on her crown carries the feather of [[Ma'at]] as well.
[[Image:Nagada figure.GIF|thumb|[[Predynastic Egypt|Predynastic]] [[Naqada]] fertility figurine holding her arms in a fashion that resembles the inward curving horns of Bat [http://www.world-science.net/exclusives/exclusives-nfrm/051217_egypt1.htm] [http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/prehistory/egypt/archaeology/sites/naqada.htm] [http://www.homestead.com/wysinger/neolithic.html] [http://www.touregypt.net/ebph5.htm] [http://www.crystalinks.com/predynasticegypt.html] ]]
Nethertheless, ultimately, as a more dominant and centralised religion grew up in the unified countries and a strong central administration developed for religious matters, Bat's shared characteristics with Hathor led to the two goddesses finally—during the [[Middle Kingdom of Egypt|Middle Kingdom]]—being identified as the same goddess, when, after thousands of years, Bat became described as an ''aspect'' of Hathor, never ''quite'' disappearing.
I testi delle Piramidi egiziane dicono:
I am Praise
I am Majesty
(Bat) with Her Two Faces
I am the One Who Is Saved
and I have saved myself from all things evil
<ref> R. O. Faulkner, The Ancient Egyptian Pyramid Texts, Oxford 1969, p. 181, Utterance 506 </ref>▼
The Egyptian [[Pyramid Texts]] say: ▲
:''I am Praise; I am Majesty; I am B3t (Bat) with Her Two Faces; I am the One Who Is Saved, and I have saved myself from all things evil''. <ref> R. O. Faulkner, The Ancient Egyptian Pyramid Texts, Oxford 1969, p. 181, Utterance 506 </ref>
*Henry G. Fischer in Lexikon der Ägyptologie, Wiesbaden 1975, 630-632 (Bat)
External links ==
*[http://18.104.22.168/search?q=cache:w79VS2GFBJoJ:www.egyptianmyths.net/bat.htm+Bat+Egypt&hl=de&ct=clnk&cd=1&gl=de the goddess Bat]
*[http://22.214.171.124/search?q=cache:9l5EIOxjsXAJ:www.touregypt.net/godsofegypt/bat.htm+Bat+goddess+Egypt&hl=de&ct=clnk&cd=1&gl=de the goddess Bat]
*[http://126.96.36.199/search?q=cache:UyWEDKm1Yl4J:www.philae.nu/akhet/FirstGods.html+Bat+goddess+Egypt&hl=de&ct=clnk&cd=4&gl=de the goddess Bat]
[[Category:Divinità della fertilità]]
<noinclude>[[de:Bat (Ägyptische Mythologie)]]