The Carnal and the Crane

(The) Carnal and the Crane (= “Il corvo (?) e la gru”) è una tradizionale canzone natalizia inglese e una child ballad (N° 55) di autore anonimo, rinvenuta in manoscritti della metà del XVIII secolo[1][2], ma di origini forse ben più antiche[1]. L'arrangiamento più comune è quello del compositore britannico Ralph Vaughan Williams (18721958).[3]

The Carnal and the Crane
Ralph Vaughan Williams (arrangiamento)
GenereCarola natalizia
NoteProvenienza: Inghilterra
Prime attestazioni scritte: metà del XVIII secolo
Pentagramma di The Carnal and the Crane

La parola carnal del titolo non è mai stata chiarita, ma si pensa comunemente che si possa riferire ad un uccello, forse ad un corvo.[1] Il brano sembra infatti ricollegarsi ad un'antica leggenda, diffusa in tutt'Europa, in cui una gru racconta a un corvo la Nascita di Gesù.[2].

Testo modifica

Il testo, che si compone di 30 strofe (di 4 versi ciascuna), è di carattere religioso e parla di un uomo che si ferma vicino ad un fiume ad ascoltare il dialogo tra due uccelli, una gru (crane) e un corvo (carnal ?), che discorrono sugli eventi relativi alla Nascita di Gesù, dal parto di Maria nella mangiatoia fino all'arrivo dei Magi, alla Strage degli Innocenti voluta da Erode e la Fuga in Egitto:

As I pass'd by the river side,
And there as I did reign [run],
In argument I chanced to hear
A Carnal and a Crane.

The Carnal said unto the Crane,
If all the world should turn,
Before we had the Father,
But now we have the Son!

From whence does the Son come,
From where and from what place?
He said, In a manger,
Between an ox and ass.

I pray thee, said the Carnal,
Tell me before thou go,
Was not the mother of Jesus
Conceived by the Holy Ghost?

She was the purest virgin,
And the cleanest from sin;
She was the handmaid of our Lord
And Mother of our king.

Where is the golden cradle
That Christ was rocked in?
Where are the silken sheets
That Jesus was wrapt in?

A manger was the cradle
That Christ was rocked in:
The provender the asses left
So sweetly he slept on.

There was a star in the West land,
So bright it did appear,
Into King Herod's chamber,
And where King Herod were.

The Wise Men soon espied it,
And told the King on high
A princely babe was born that night
No king could e'er destroy.

If this be true, King Herod said,
As thou tellest unto me,
This roasted cock that lies in the dish
Shall crow full fences three.

The cock soon freshly feathered was
By the work of God's own hand
And then three fences crowed he
In the dish where he did stand

Rise up, rise up, you merry men all,
See that you ready be;
All children under two years old
Now slain they all shall be. Then Jesus, ah! and Joseph,
And Mary, that was so pure,
They travell'd into Egypt,
As you shall find it sure.

And when they came to Egypt's land,
Amongst those fierce wild beasts,
Mary, she being weary,
Must needs sit down to rest.

Come sit thee down, says Jesus,
Come sit thee down by me,
And thou shalt see how these wild beasts
Do come and worship me.

First, came the lovely lion,
Which Jesus's grace did spring,
And of the wild beasts in the field
The lion shall be king.

We'll choose our virtuous princes
Of birth and high degree,
In every sundry nation,
Where'er we come and see.

Then Jesus, ah! and Joseph,
And Mary, that was unknown,
They travelled by a husbandman,
Just while his seed was sown-

God speed thee, man! said Jesus,
Go fetch thy ox and wain,
And carry home thy corn again
Which thou this day hast sown.

The husbandman fell on his knees,
Even upon his face:
Long time hast thou been looked for,
But now thou art come at last.

And I myself do now believe
Thy name is Jesus called;
Redeemer of mankind thou art,
Though undeserving all.

The truth, man, thou hast spoken,
Of it thou may'st be sure,
For I must lose my precious blood
For thee and thousands more.

If any one should come this way,
And enquire for me alone,
Tell them that Jesus passed by
As thou thy seed did sow.

After that there came King Herod,
With his train so furiously,
Enquiring of the husbandman
Whether Jesus passed by.

Why, the truth it must be spoke,
And the truth it must be known;
For Jesus passed by this way
When my seed was sown.

But now I have it reapen,
And some laid on my wain,
Ready to fetch and carry
Into my barn again.

Turn back, says the Captain,
Your labor and mine's in vain;
It's full three quarters of a year
Since he his seed has sown.

So Herod was deceived,
By the work of God's own hand,
And further he proceeded
Into the Holy Land.

There's thousands of children young
Which for his sake did die;
Do not forbid those little ones,
And do not them deny.

The truth now I have spoken,
And the truth now I have shown;
Even the Blessed-Virgin
She's now brought forth a son.

Note modifica

  1. ^ a b c A Treasure of Christmas Carols – The Hymns and Carols of Christmas: Carnal and the Crane (URL consultato il 15-10-2009)
  2. ^ a b Ramshorn Studio: The Carnal and the Crane (URL consultato il 15-10-2009)
  3. ^ Bowler, Gerry, Dizionario universale de Natale [The World Encyclopedia of Christmas], ed. Italiana a cura di C. Corvino ed E. Petoia, Newton & Compton, Roma, 2003, p. 93

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