The Right Honourable

The Right Honourable (abbreviato in The Rt Hon. o Rt Hon.) è un trattamento onorifico utilizzato nel Regno Unito, in Canada, Australia, Nuova Zelanda e in India, in alcuni degli altri reami del Commonwealth, nei Caraibi britannici, a Mauritius e occasionalmente in altri stati.

MembriModifica

Il trattamento spetta a:

Il trattamento è inoltre legato ad alcune cariche, le persone che le ricoprono possono quindi utilizzarlo per il tempo in cui sono in carica. Fra questi:

Utilizzo del trattamento onorificoModifica

Regno UnitoModifica

Il prefisso è abitualmente abbreviato in "The" in molte situazioni, ma mai per i Privati Consiglieri.[1] Le seguenti persone hanno il diritto di utilizzo a titolo personale:

Le seguenti persone hanno il diritto di stile ex officio. Lo stile viene aggiunto al nome dell'ufficio, non il nome della persona:


AustraliaModifica

Australiani in possesso del trattamento di The Right Honourable Compiti istituzionali Incarico precedente
Doug Anthony, AC, CH Membro del Privy Council Ex Vice primo ministro australiano
Ian Sinclair, AC Membro del Privy Council Ex Speaker della camera dei rapprentanti australiana
Sir Ninian Stephen, KG, AK, GCMG, GCVO, KBE, QC Membro del Privy Council Ex governatore generale australiano
Sir William Heseltine, GCB, GCVO, AC Membro del Privy Council Ex Private Secretary to the Sovereign
Robert May, Baron May of Oxford, OM, AC Life peer Ex Chief Scientific Adviser to the UK Government
Trixie Gardner, Baroness Gardner of Parkes, AM, JP Life peer Ex Councillor on the Westminster City Council
Malcolm Murray, 12th Earl of Dunmore Earl of Dunmore Membro della camera dei lord
Robert Fiennes-Clinton, 19th Earl of Lincoln Earl of Lincoln
Simon Abney-Hastings, 15th Earl of Loudoun Earl of Loudoun
George Dawson-Damer, 7th Earl of Portarlington Earl of Portarlington
Keith Rous, 6th Earl of Stradbroke Earl of Stradbroke
Francis Grosvenor, 8th Earl of Wilton Earl of Wilton
Nicholas St John, 9th Viscount Bolingbroke, 10th Viscount St John Viscount Bolingbroke
Charles Cavendish, 7th Baron Chesham Baron Chesham
James Lindsay, 3rd Baron Lindsay of Birker Baron Lindsay of Birker
David Campbell, 7th Baron Stratheden and Campbell Baron Stratheden

CanadaModifica

In Canada, solo i responsabili dei più alti uffici pubblici possono fregiarsi del trattamento di "The Right Honourable" (Le très honorable è il termine francese usato dal governo federale). In precedenza, questo è stato in virtù della loro nomina al Privy Council of the United Kingdom. Tuttavia, gli appuntamenti canadesi al Privy British Council sono stati finiti da parte del governo di Lester Pearson.

Da allora, agli individui che detengono o hanno ricoperto, uno dei seguenti uffici viene assegnato il trattamento di Right Honourable a vita:

Il Governatore generale può conferire il trattamento a vita anche a canadesi illustri che non hanno ricoperto alcuna delle cariche per cui è previsto. Il trattamento è stato conferito alle seguenti persone:

  • Paul Joseph James Martin (1992) — cabinet minister (Minister of External Affairs), Member of Parliament, Senator and diplomat
  • Martial Asselin (1992) — federal cabinet minister, Member of Parliament, Senator (Speaker of the Senate) and Lieutenant Governor of Quebec
  • Ellen Fairclough (1992) — federal cabinet minister and Member of Parliament; first woman in Canadian politics ever appointed to cabinet
  • Jean-Luc Pépin (1992) — federal cabinet minister and Member of Parliament; Chair of Anti-Inflation Board and Co-Chair of unity taskforce
  • Alvin Hamilton (1992) — federal cabinet minister and Member of Parliament
  • Don Mazankowski (1992) — Deputy Prime Minister, federal cabinet minister and Member of Parliament
  • Jack Pickersgill (1992) — federal cabinet minister, Member of Parliament, and senior civil servant (Assistant Private Secretary and Special Assistant to the Prime Minister, Clerk of the Privy Council; Chair of the Canadian Transport Commission)
  • Robert Stanfield (1992) —federal Opposition Leader and Member of Parliament, provincial MLA and Premier of Nova Scotia
  • Herb Gray (2002) — Deputy Prime Minister, federal cabinet minister, and Member of Parliament; the longest-serving MP in Canadian history

Per i Governatori generali in carica è possibile usare anche l'appellativo "His/Her Excellency". I membri del Privy Council e del Senate ricevono il trattamento di "The Honourable". Il trattamento di Right Honourable non si applica ai funzionari di livello provinciale.

Before the style of Right Honourable came into use for all Canadian prime ministers, three prime ministers did not have the style as they were not members of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom. These three were the Hon. Alexander Mackenzie, the Hon. Sir John Abbott and the Hon. Sir Mackenzie Bowell.

Over the years, a number of prominent Canadians became members of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom and thus were entitled to use the style of Right Honourable, either because of their services in Britain (e.g. serving as envoys to London) or as members of the Imperial War Cabinet, or due to their prominence in the Canadian Cabinet. These include:

Canadesi viventi che hanno il trattamento di The Right Honourable Luogo di nascita Motivo Nato Conferimento
Justin Trudeau Ottawa, ON Primo Ministro 1971 2015
Stephen Harper Toronto, ON Primo Ministro 1959 2006
Paul Martin Windsor, ON Primo Ministro 1938 2003
Jean Chrétien Shawinigan, QC Primo Ministro 1934 1993
Kim Campbell Port Alberni, BC Primo Ministro 1947 1993
Brian Mulroney Baie-Comeau, QC Primo Ministro 1939 1984
John Turner Regno Unito Primo Ministro 1929 1984
Joe Clark High River, AB Primo Ministro 1939 1979
David Johnston Sudbury, ON Governatore generale 1941 2010
Michaëlle Jean Haiti Governatore generale 1957 2005
Adrienne Clarkson Hong Kong Governatore generale 1939 1999
Ed Schreyer Beausejour, MB Governatore generale 1935 1979
Beverley McLachlin Pincher Creek, AB Chief Justice 1943 2000
Don Mazankowski Viking, AB Honorific 1935 1992

IrlandaModifica

Members of the Privy Council of Ireland were entitled to be addressed as The Right Honourable, even after the Privy Council ceased to have any functions or to meet on the creation of the Irish Free State in December 1922. Nevertheless, the Lord Mayor of Dublin, like some of his counterparts in Great Britain, retained the use of the honorific style as a result of its having been conferred separately by legislation; in 2001 it was removed, as a consequence of local government law reform.

Nuova ZelandaModifica

In New Zealand, the Prime Minister and some other senior cabinet ministers were customarily appointed to the Privy Council of the United Kingdom and thus styled The Right Honourable.[9][10] Senior New Zealand Judges are also often appointed as Privy Councillors.

In her resignation honours, the former prime minister Helen Clark did not recommend the appointment of any new Privy Councillors, and at present Winston Peters is the sole Privy Councillor in the New Zealand parliament. Privy Councillors recently retired from parliament include Clark, the former Speaker of the House Jonathan Hunt, and the former prime minister Jenny Shipley.[11] In 2009 it was announced that the new Prime Minister John Key had decided not to make any further recommendations to the Crown for appointments to the Privy Council.[12]

In August 2010, the Queen of New Zealand announced that, with immediate effect, individuals who hold, and those persons who after the date of the signing of these rules are appointed to, the following offices are awarded the style The Right Honourable for life:[9]

This change was made because the practice of appointing New Zealanders to the Privy Council of the United Kingdom had ceased. However, the change had little immediate effect, as all but two of the holders or living former holders of the offices granted the style had already been appointed to the Privy Council.[13]

The living New Zealanders holding the style "The Right Honourable" as a result of membership of the Privy Council are:

The living New Zealanders holding the style "The Right Honourable" for life as a result of the 2010 changes are:

Name Title Date Appointed
Sir Anand Satyanand Former Governor-General 2 August 2010
John Key Former Prime Minister
Sir Lockwood Smith Former Speaker of the House of Representatives
Sir Jerry Mateparae Former Governor-General 31 August 2011
David Carter Speaker of the House of Representatives 1 February 2013
Dame Patsy Reddy Governor-General 28 September 2016
Bill English Prime Minister 12 December 2016

Sri LankaModifica

In Sri Lanka, il primo ministro dell'indipendenza dello Sri Lanka (Ceylon), D.S. Senanayake è stato insignito del titolo "Mahamanya", che è la versione localizzata (in singalese) del trattamento di "The Right Honorable".

[14][15][7][16][8]

CatalognaModifica

Il Presidente della Generalitat de Catalunya in carica, a partire dal 1931, ha il trattamento di Molt Honorable, che è la traduzione catalana di "The Right Honourable".[senza fonte]

NoteModifica

  1. ^ 'The Prefix "The"'. In Titles and Forms of Address, 21st ed., pp. 8–9. A & C Black, London, 2002.
  2. ^ Earl and Countess, su debretts.com.
  3. ^ Viscount and Viscountess, su debretts.com.
  4. ^ Baron and Baroness, su debretts.com.
  5. ^ Privy Council members, su Privy Council Office. URL consultato il 15 giugno 2015.
  6. ^ Right Honourable, su TheyWorkForYou.
  7. ^ a b c d e As Chief Justice of Canada
  8. ^ a b Duff did not become Chief Justice until 1933
  9. ^ a b "Rules for the Grant, Use and Retention of the Title “The Right Honourable” in New Zealand" (23 September 2010) 124 New Zealand Gazette 3251 at 3285
  10. ^ The title "The Honourable" and the Privy Council, Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet. URL consultato il 16 giugno 2009 (archiviato dall'url originale il 14 giugno 2009).
  11. ^ The Privy Council, Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet. URL consultato il 16 giugno 2009 (archiviato dall'url originale il 14 giugno 2009).
  12. ^ Honours Q and A (PDF), su dpmc.govt.nz, 2009. URL consultato il 29 giugno 2009 (archiviato dall'url originale il 3 giugno 2011).
  13. ^ Use of the title 'The Right Honourable' in New Zealand, 2 August 2010, The Queen's Printer, 2 agosto 2010. URL consultato il 3 agosto 2010.
  14. ^ Tupper was appointed when he was no longer Prime Minister and St. Laurent was appointed when he was a cabinet minister under Mackenzie King.
  15. ^ Massey became Governor General over a decade later. He was made "Right Honourable" while serving as Canada's High Commissioner to London.
  16. ^ As Governor General of Canada