The Right Honourable
The Right Honourable (abbreviato in The Rt Hon. o Rt Hon.) è un titolo onorifico utilizzato in Regno Unito, Canada, Australia, Nuova Zelanda e India, in alcuni degli altri reami del Commonwealth, nei Caraibi britannici, a Maurizio e occasionalmente in altri stati.
Il titolo spetta a:
- I membri del Consiglio privato di sua maestà del Regno Unito e del Consiglio Privato dell'Irlanda del Nord;
- Sono inclusi fra questi l'attuale e tutti i precedenti Primi Ministri del Regno Unito e tutti gli attuali e precedenti membri del Gabinetto del Regno Unito, con l'eccezione di coloro che si sono dimessi dal Consiglio Privato.
- Baroni, visconti e conti; mentre marchesi hanno il trattamento The Most Honourable o His Lordship e i duchi The Most Noble o His Grace;
- Alcune cariche canadesi come il Governatore Generale, il Primo ministro e il Chief Justice del Canada.
Il titolo è inoltre legato ad alcune cariche, le persone che le ricoprono possono quindi utilizzarlo per il tempo in cui sono in carica. Fra questi:
Utilizzo del titolo onorificoModifica
- Pari al di sotto del rango di marchese, cioè conti, visconti, e baroni, e loro coniugi. Pari che sono duchi sono in stile "il più nobile" o "sua grazia" e marchesi sono in stile "The Most Honourable".
- I membri del Consiglio della Corona del Regno Unito 
- I membri del Consiglio privato di sua maestà dell'Irlanda del Nord.
Le seguenti persone hanno il diritto di stile ex officio. Lo stile viene aggiunto al nome dell'ufficio, non il nome della persona:
- Il Lord Mayor di Londra
- Il Lord Mayor di Cardiff
- Il Lord Mayor di Belfast
- Il Lord Mayor di York
- Il Lord Lyon, re d'arme
- Il Lord Provost di Edimburgo
- Il Lord Provost di Glasgow
In Canada, solo i responsabili dei più alti uffici pubblici possono fregiarsi del titolo di "The Right Honourable" (Le très honorable è il termine francese usato dal governo federale). In precedenza, questo è stato in virtù della loro nomina al Privy Council of the United Kingdom. Tuttavia, gli appuntamenti canadesi al Privy British Council sono stati finiti da parte del governo di Lester Pearson.
Da allora, gli individui che detengono o hanno ricoperto, uno dei seguenti uffici vengono assegnati lo Right Honourable per la vita:
The style may also be granted for life by the Governor General to eminent Canadians who have not held any of the offices that would otherwise entitle them to the style. It has been granted to the following individuals:
- Paul Joseph James Martin (1992) — cabinet minister (Minister of External Affairs), Member of Parliament, Senator and diplomat
- Martial Asselin (1992) — federal cabinet minister, Member of Parliament, Senator (Speaker of the Senate) and Lieutenant Governor of Quebec
- Ellen Fairclough (1992) — federal cabinet minister and Member of Parliament; first woman in Canadian politics ever appointed to cabinet
- Jean-Luc Pépin (1992) — federal cabinet minister and Member of Parliament; Chair of Anti-Inflation Board and Co-Chair of unity taskforce
- Alvin Hamilton (1992) — federal cabinet minister and Member of Parliament
- Don Mazankowski (1992) — Deputy Prime Minister, federal cabinet minister and Member of Parliament
- Jack Pickersgill (1992) — federal cabinet minister, Member of Parliament, and senior civil servant (Assistant Private Secretary and Special Assistant to the Prime Minister, Clerk of the Privy Council; Chair of the Canadian Transport Commission)
- Robert Stanfield (1992) —federal Opposition Leader and Member of Parliament, provincial MLA and Premier of Nova Scotia
- Herb Gray (2002) — Deputy Prime Minister, federal cabinet minister, and Member of Parliament; the longest-serving MP in Canadian history
Governors General also use the style "His/Her Excellency" during their term of office. Members of the Privy Council and Senate receive the honorific "The Honourable". The style of Right Honourable does not apply to any official at the provincial level.
Before the style of Right Honourable came into use for all Canadian prime ministers, three prime ministers did not have the style as they were not members of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom. These three were the Hon. Alexander Mackenzie, the Hon. Sir John Abbott and the Hon. Sir Mackenzie Bowell.
Over the years, a number of prominent Canadians became members of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom and thus were entitled to use the style of Right Honourable, either because of their services in Britain (e.g. serving as envoys to London) or as members of the Imperial War Cabinet, or due to their prominence in the Canadian Cabinet. These include:
- Sir John A. Macdonald (1879) - first Prime Minister of Canada
- Sir John Rose (1886)— federal cabinet minister (Minister of Finance)
- Sir John Sparrow David Thompson (1894) - federal cabinet minister (Justice and Attorney General), Prime Minister of Canada
- Sir Samuel Henry Strong (1897) - Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada
- Sir Wilfrid Laurier (1897) - Prime Minister of Canada
- Sir Richard John Cartwright (1902) — federal cabinet minister (Minister of Finance)
- Sir Henri Elzéar Taschereau (1904) - Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada
- Sir Charles Tupper (1907) - federal cabinet minister (Inland Revenue, Customs, Public Works, Railways, Finance-Receiver General), Prime Minister of Canada, Premier of Nova Scotia, diplomat (High Commissioner to the UK)
- Sir Charles Fitzpatrick (1908) - Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada and Lieutenant Governor of Quebec
- Sir Robert Laird Borden (1912) - Prime Minister of Canada
- Sir George Eulas Foster (1916)—federal cabinet minister (Trade and Commerce), Senator
- Sir Louis Henry Davies (1919) - Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada and Premier of Prince Edward Island
- Sir Lyman Poore Duff (1919) - Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada and Administrator of Canada (acting Governor General of Canada)
- Arthur Lewis Sifton (1920) — Premier of Alberta and federal cabinet minister (Secretary of State, Public Works, Customs and Inland Revenue)
- Arthur Meighen (1920) - federal cabinet minister (Interior, Indian Affairs, Solicitor General, Secretary of State, Mines), Prime Minister of Canada and Senator
- Charles Doherty (1920) — federal cabinet minister (Justice and Attorney General)
- Sir William Thomas White (1920) — federal cabinet minister (Minister of Finance)
- William Lyon Mackenzie King (1922) - federal cabinet minister (Labour), Prime Minister of Canada and civil servant
- William Stevens Fielding (1923) — federal cabinet minister (Minister of Finance) and Premier of Nova Scotia
- Francis Alexander Anglin (1925) - Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada
- Sir William Mulock (1925) — federal cabinet minister (Labour and Postmaster General), Chief Justice of Ontario, acting Lieutenant Governor of Ontario
- George Perry Graham (1925) — federal cabinet minister (Defence) and Senator
- R.B. Bennett (1930) - federal cabinet minister (Justice, Mines, Interior, Indian Affairs, Finance) Prime Minister of Canada, British member of the House of Lords
- Sir George Halsey Perley (1931) — federal cabinet minister and diplomat (High Commissioner to the United Kingdom)
- Ernest Lapointe (1937) — federal cabinet minister (Justice and Attorney General)
- Vincent Massey (1941) - Governor General of Canada and diplomat (United States, High Commissioner to the UK)
- Raoul Dandurand (1941) — federal cabinet minister (Leader of the Government in the Senate of Canada), Senator and Speaker of the Senate
- Louis St. Laurent (1946) - federal cabinet minister (Justice and Attorney General), Prime Minister of Canada
- James Lorimer Ilsley (1946) — federal cabinet minister (Finance, Justice (Attorney General), Revenue, Postmaster General) and Chief Justice of Nova Scotia
- Clarence Decatur Howe (1946) — federal cabinet minister (Transport, International Trade and Fisheries and Oceans)
- Ian Alistair Mackenzie (1947) — federal cabinet minister (Veterans Affairs, Immigration and Colonization, Indian Affairs, Health) and Senator
- James Garfield Gardiner (1947) — federal cabinet minister (Agriculture) and Premier of Saskatchewan
- Thibaudeau Rinfret (1947) - Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada and Administrator of Canada (acting Governor General of Canada)
- John George Diefenbaker (1957) - Prime Minister of Canada
- Georges-Philéas Vanier (1963) - Governor General of Canada and diplomat (France), Canadian Army commanding officer, aide-de-camp to Governor General of Canada
- Lester Bowles Pearson (1963) - federal cabinet minister (External Affairs), Prime Minister of Canada and diplomat (United States), Secretary of the UN General Assembly
|Living Canadians holding the title The Right Honourable||Birthplace||Reason||Born||Granted|
|Justin Trudeau||Ottawa, ON||Prime Minister||1971||2015|
|Stephen Harper||Toronto, ON||Prime Minister||1959||2006|
|Paul Martin||Windsor, ON||Prime Minister||1938||2003|
|Jean Chrétien||Shawinigan, QC||Prime Minister||1934||1993|
|Kim Campbell||Port Alberni, BC||Prime Minister||1947||1993|
|Brian Mulroney||Baie-Comeau, QC||Prime Minister||1939||1984|
|John Turner||Regno Unito||Prime Minister||1929||1984|
|Joe Clark||High River, AB||Prime Minister||1939||1979|
|David Johnston||Sudbury, ON||Governor General||1941||2010|
|Michaëlle Jean||Haiti||Governor General||1957||2005|
|Adrienne Clarkson||Hong Kong||Governor General||1939||1999|
|Ed Schreyer||Beausejour, MB||Governor General||1935||1979|
|Beverley McLachlin||Pincher Creek, AB||Chief Justice||1943||2000|
|Don Mazankowski||Viking, AB||Honorific||1935||1992|
Members of the Privy Council of Ireland were entitled to be addressed as The Right Honourable, even after the Privy Council ceased to have any functions or to meet on the creation of the Irish Free State in December 1922. Nevertheless, the Lord Mayor of Dublin, like some of his counterparts in Great Britain, retained the use of the honorific style as a result of its having been conferred separately by legislation; in 2001 it was removed, as a consequence of local government law reform.
In New Zealand, the Prime Minister and some other senior cabinet ministers were customarily appointed to the Privy Council of the United Kingdom and thus styled The Right Honourable. Senior New Zealand Judges are also often appointed as Privy Councillors.
In her resignation honours, the former prime minister Helen Clark did not recommend the appointment of any new Privy Councillors, and at present Winston Peters is the sole Privy Councillor in the New Zealand parliament. Privy Councillors recently retired from parliament include Clark, the former Speaker of the House Jonathan Hunt, and the former prime minister Jenny Shipley. In 2009 it was announced that the new Prime Minister John Key had decided not to make any further recommendations to the Crown for appointments to the Privy Council.
In August 2010, the Queen of New Zealand announced that, with immediate effect, individuals who hold, and those persons who after the date of the signing of these rules are appointed to, the following offices are awarded the style The Right Honourable for life:
- the Governor-General of New Zealand
- the Prime Minister of New Zealand
- the Chief Justice of New Zealand
- the Speaker of the New Zealand House of Representatives
This change was made because the practice of appointing New Zealanders to the Privy Council of the United Kingdom had ceased. However, the change had little immediate effect, as all but two of the holders or living former holders of the offices granted the style had already been appointed to the Privy Council.
The living New Zealanders holding the style "The Right Honourable" as a result of membership of the Privy Council are:
- Sir Duncan Wallace McMullin (1980)—court of appeal justice
- Sir Geoffrey Winston Russell Palmer (1985)—prime minister
- Sir (Johann) Thomas Eichelbaum (1989)—chief justice
- Jonathan Lucas Hunt (1989)—cabinet minister
- Sir Michael Hardie Boys (1989)—governor general
- Helen Elizabeth Clark (1990)—prime minister
- Michael Kenneth Moore (1990)—prime minister
- James Brendan Bolger (1991)—prime minister
- Sir Donald Charles McKinnon (1992)—deputy prime minister
- Sir William Francis Birch (1992)—cabinet minister
- Sir John Steele Henry (1996)—court of appeal justice
- Sir Edmund Walter Thomas (1996)—supreme court justice
- Dame Jenny Shipley (1998)—prime minister
- Winston Peters (1998)—deputy prime minister
- Sir Douglas Arthur Montrose Graham (1998)—cabinet minister
- Paul Clayton East (1998)—cabinet minister
- Sir Kenneth James Keith (1998)—court of appeal justice
- Sir Peter Blanchard (1998)—supreme court justice
- Sir Andrew Patrick Charles Tipping (1998)—supreme court justice
- Wyatt Beetham Creech (1998)—deputy prime minister
- Dame Sian Seerpoohi Elias (1999)—chief justice
- Simon David Upton (1999)—cabinet minister
The living New Zealanders holding the style "The Right Honourable" for life as a result of the 2010 changes are:
|Sir Anand Satyanand||Former Governor-General||2 August 2010|
|John Key||Former Prime Minister|
|Sir Lockwood Smith||Former Speaker of the House of Representatives|
|Sir Jerry Mateparae||Former Governor-General||31 August 2011|
|David Carter||Speaker of the House of Representatives||1 February 2013|
|Dame Patsy Reddy||Governor-General||28 September 2016|
|Bill English||Prime Minister||12 December 2016|
In Sri Lanka, il primo ministro dell'indipendenza dello Sri Lanka (Ceylon), D.S. Senanayake è stato insignito del titolo "Mahamanya", che è la versione localizzata (in singalese) del titolo "The Right Honorable".
- ^ 'The Prefix "The"'. In Titles and Forms of Address, 21st ed., pp. 8–9. A & C Black, London, 2002.
- ^ Earl and Countess, su debretts.com.
- ^ Viscount and Viscountess, su debretts.com.
- ^ Baron and Baroness, su debretts.com.
- ^ Privy Council members, su Privy Council Office. URL consultato il 15 giugno 2015.
- ^ Right Honourable, su TheyWorkForYou.
- As Chief Justice of Canada
- Duff did not become Chief Justice until 1933
- "Rules for the Grant, Use and Retention of the Title “The Right Honourable” in New Zealand" (23 September 2010) 124 New Zealand Gazette 3251 at 3285
- ^ The title "The Honourable" and the Privy Council, Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet. URL consultato il 16 giugno 2009 (archiviato dall'url originale il 14 giugno 2009).
- ^ The Privy Council, Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet. URL consultato il 16 giugno 2009 (archiviato dall'url originale il 14 giugno 2009).
- ^ Honours Q and A (PDF), su dpmc.govt.nz, 2009. URL consultato il 29 giugno 2009 (archiviato dall'url originale il 3 giugno 2011).
- ^ Use of the title 'The Right Honourable' in New Zealand, 2 August 2010, The Queen's Printer, 2 agosto 2010. URL consultato il 3 agosto 2010.
- ^ Tupper was appointed when he was no longer Prime Minister and St. Laurent was appointed when he was a cabinet minister under Mackenzie King.
- ^ Massey became Governor General over a decade later. He was made "Right Honourable" while serving as Canada's High Commissioner to London.
- ^ As Governor General of Canada