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Il Global Slavery Index (in italiano: Indice della schiavitù globale) è un indice annuale che rappresenta il livello di condizioni di schiavitù nelle nazioni del mondo (2013 n = 162, 2014 n = 167) pubblicato dalla Walk Free Foundation.[1] Nel 2013, il primo indice pubblicato come Global Slavery Index includeva informazioni circa la prevalenza, vulnerabilità e risposte delle nazioni. Nel 2013 l'indice era basato su tre parametri:

Nel 2014, la metodologia venne aggiornata.[2] L'indice 2014 Global Slavery Index include tre indici di dati per ogni nazione.[3]

Lo studio 2014 include raccomandazioni per diversi paesi come: Australia, Pakistan, India, Brasile, UK, USA, Qatar, e altri.

CalcoloModifica

L'indice 2014 Global Slavery Index include dati su tre variabili chiave: la prevalenza di schiavismo moderno, vulnerabilità, e risposte dei governi allo schiavismo moderno. La metodologia è nel methodology paper.

ControversieModifica

Secondo i ricercatori Andrew Guth, Robyn Anderson, Kasey Kinnard e Hang Tran, l'analisi dei metodi per stilare l'indice rivela debolezze nella ripetibilità delle misurazioni. Rivendicano il fatto che tale indice sia usato non solo dai media popolari ma anche dai media accademici e in politica.[4]

Alcune nazioni senza dati ufficiali sono classificate e paragonate come similari a paesi vicini geopoliticamente. Per esempio gli indici di prevalenza per la Gran Bretagna sono applicati all'Irlanda e Islanda, oltre che paesi del nord America e alla maggior parte delle nazioni dell'Europa nord occidentale come la Germania. Tale estrapolazione crea criticismi.[5]

Global Slavery Index 2014Modifica

Global Slavery Index 2014[6][7]
Vulnerabilità Prevalenza
Classifica Nazione Regione Politica sullo schiavismo Diritti umani Sviluppo Stabilità politica Discriminazione Significato Pop. in slavery % Pop. in slavery n Popolazione
1   Mauritania Africa subsahariana 92.9 75.3 76.8 62.7 67.6 72.2 4.0000 155,600 3,889,880
2   Uzbekistan Russia ed Eurasia 54.0 91.8 39.0 62.8 38.6 56.5 3.9729 1,201,400 30,241,100
3   Haiti America 68.2 67.0 81.3 64.3 75.0 71.9 2.3041 237,700 10,317,461
4   Qatar Medio Oriente e Nord Africa 50.5 82.3 28.1 26.1 70.1 50.8 1.3563 29,400 2,168,673
5   India Asia Pacifica 85.9 58.9 54.0 56.5 38.3 56.7 1.1409 14,285,700 1,252,139,596
6   Pakistan Asia Pacifica 85.9 79.2 60.4 68.9 60.0 69.5 1.1300 2,058,200 182,142,594
7   RD del Congo Africa subsahariana 78.8 78.0 83.9 80.7 64.3 79.3 1.1300 762,900 67,513,677
8   Sudan Africa subsahariana 78.8 100.0 79.7 79.8 59.9 82.6 1.1300 429,000 37,964,306
9   Siria Medio Oriente e Nord Africa 100.0 100.0 55.3 74.7 54.1 76.9 1.1300 258,200 22,845,550
10   Rep. Centrafricana Africa subsahariana 92.9 83.5 82.3 77.0 66.2 78.9 1.1300 52,200 4,616,417
11   Rep. del Congo Africa subsahariana 64.6 50.5 69.6 57.3 69.4 61.7 1.1061 49,200 4,447,632
12   Emirati Arabi Uniti Medio Oriente e Nord Africa 39.9 85.0 34.4 34.1 40.6 46.8 1.0572 98,800 9,346,129
13   Iraq Medio Oriente e Nord Africa 71.7 91.8 61.3 77.2 59.0 71.7 1.0351 345,900 33,417,476
14   Cambogia Asia Pacifica 75.3 58.8 54.8 65.3 63.6 62.9 1.0292 155,800 15,135,169
15   Moldavia Russia ed Eurasia 4.5 58.0 40.1 52.6 53.6 41.8 0.9362 33,300 3,559,000
16   Mongolia Asia Pacifica 64.6 28.5 35.7 42.5 44.9 44.0 0.9068 25,700 2,839,073
17   Namibia Africa subsahariana 78.8 23.0 49.6 35.7 72.5 51.2 0.9068 20,900 2,303,315
18   Botswana Africa subsahariana 85.9 35.5 50.2 29.6 53.6 51.8 0.9068 18,300 2,021,144
19   Suriname America 47.0 23.0 53.3 35.7 63.4 45.2 0.9068 4,900 539,276
20   Nepal Asia Pacifica 61.1 61.7 64.9 50.7 30.1 53.2 0.8227 228,700 27,797,457
21   Ghana Africa subsahariana 71.7 25.9 67.9 46.2 63.5 54.4 0.7456 193,100 25,904,598
22   Mozambico Africa subsahariana 54.0 44.9 77.8 55.5 41.0 55.5 0.7456 192,600 25,833,752
23   Niger Africa subsahariana 61.1 47.8 86.9 55.2 50.2 60.2 0.7456 132,900 17,831,270
24   Burkina Faso Africa subsahariana 54.0 38.8 83.7 58.9 42.8 55.8 0.7456 126,300 16,934,839
25   Malawi Africa subsahariana 64.6 43.5 89.1 41.6 57.9 58.6 0.7456 122,000 16,362,567
26   Zambia Africa subsahariana 61.1 51.1 71.4 48.5 67.7 58.9 0.7456 108,400 14,538,640
27   Senegal Africa subsahariana 43.4 38.1 76.4 54.3 55.7 55.7 0.7456 105,400 14,133,280
28   Benin Africa subsahariana 61.1 36.7 80.3 51.0 50.1 56.7 0.7456 77,000 10,323,474
29   Togo Africa subsahariana 68.2 50.5 76.9 60.4 48.1 60.1 0.7456 50,800 6,816,982
30   Liberia Africa subsahariana 78.8 35.9 81.6 53.7 52.0 59.7 0.7456 32,000 4,294,077
31   Lesotho Africa subsahariana 82.3 34.0 70.4 46.0 52.1 57.7 0.7456 15,500 2,074,465
32   Russia Russia ed Eurasia 54.0 89.9 29.7 67.0 47.5 56.2 0.7315 1,049,700 143,499,861
33   Tanzania Africa subsahariana 54.0 62.9 81.6 54.9 67.5 64.2 0.7114 350,400 49,253,126
34   Costa d'Avorio Africa subsahariana 57.6 65.6 78.5 67.6 55.7 65.0 0.7114 144,500 20,316,086
35   Mali Africa subsahariana 92.9 41.7 81.4 64.5 45.7 64.0 0.7114 108,900 15,301,650
36   Ciad Africa subsahariana 75.3 60.7 86.4 74.1 64.9 73.7 0.7114 91,200 12,825,314
37   Ruanda Africa subsahariana 75.3 71.2 70.2 45.9 54.1 63.5 0.7114 83,800 11,776,522
38   Guinea Africa subsahariana 71.7 64.3 82.4 69.7 61.5 70.0 0.7114 83,600 11,745,189
39   Sudan del Sud Africa subsahariana 82.3 53.3 78.5 72.5 57.3 66.7 0.7114 80,400 11,296,173
40   Burundi Africa subsahariana 78.8 55.2 81.9 66.4 41.7 66.3 0.7114 72,300 10,162,532
41   Sierra Leone Africa subsahariana 68.2 42.0 86.0 50.7 68.2 63.0 0.7114 43,300 6,092,075
42   Gambia Africa subsahariana 57.6 53.3 82.5 60.6 58.8 62.5 0.7114 13,200 1,849,285
43   Gibuti Africa subsahariana 68.2 75.3 72.5 56.1 52.7 65.7 0.7114 6,200 872,932
44   Thailandia Asia Pacifica 57.6 60.0 40.0 44.6 58.6 51.5 0.7093 475,300 67,010,502
45   Oman Medio Oriente e Nord Africa 68.2 77.2 38.0 40.9 58.8 56.1 0.7093 25,800 3,632,444
46   Kuwait Medio Oriente e Nord Africa 89.4 69.9 34.3 36.8 78.2 61.8 0.7093 23,900 3,368,572
47   Bahrein Medio Oriente e Nord Africa 78.8 86.9 27.4 37.2 56.5 58.2 0.7093 9,400 1,332,171
48   Brunei Asia Pacifica 43.4 86.7 36.6 30.3 67.0 51.4 0.7093 3,000 417,784
49   Capo Verde Africa subsahariana 50.5 9.3 43.6 33.6 61.4 41.3 0.6368 3,200 498,897
50   Swaziland Africa subsahariana 64.6 69.5 55.2 55.8 73.2 65.0 0.5359 6,700 1,249,514
51   Guinea-Bissau Africa subsahariana 92.9 50.5 82.6 72.0 60.0 70.3 0.5001 8,500 1,704,255
52   Nigeria Africa subsahariana 50.5 72.7 58.5 68.4 71.0 63.6 0.4805 834,200 173,615,345
53   Egitto Medio Oriente e Nord Africa 50.5 82.1 42.9 49.9 77.2 60.6 0.4800 393,800 82,056,378
54   Algeria Medio Oriente e Nord Africa 89.4 92.1 49.2 48.1 48.9 64.8 0.4800 188,200 39,208,194
55   Marocco Medio Oriente e Nord Africa 85.9 68.9 43.9 46.6 50.9 60.0 0.4800 158,400 33,008,150
56   Malaysia Asia Pacifica 78.8 77.4 35.6 30.4 71.5 58.1 0.4800 142,600 29,716,965
57   Giordania Medio Oriente e Nord Africa 61.1 85.9 48.6 37.5 62.4 60.7 0.4800 31,000 6,459,000
58   Libano Medio Oriente e Nord Africa 68.2 64.8 38.2 62.5 78.4 62.5 0.4800 21,400 4,467,390
59   Bangladesh Asia Pacifica 75.3 62.0 67.3 58.6 30.0 57.3 0.4348 680,900 156,594,962
60   Iran Medio Oriente e Nord Africa 96.5 92.8 41.0 58.1 68.4 71.4 0.4348 336,700 77,447,168
61   Birmania Asia Pacifica 68.2 91.8 71.8 61.8 64.5 72.3 0.4348 231,600 53,259,018
62   Afghanistan Asia Pacifica 78.8 69.8 91.9 79.3 54.4 75.1 0.4348 132,800 30,551,674
63   Corea del Nord Asia Pacifica 85.9 100.0 59.8 75.1 58.8 75.2 0.4348 108,200 24,895,480
64   Yemen Medio Oriente e Nord Africa 89.4 94.5 64.6 69.7 84.4 80.6 0.4348 106,100 24,407,381
65   Angola Africa subsahariana 71.7 75.3 63.4 61.4 54.4 65.3 0.4348 93,400 21,471,618
66   Zimbabwe Africa subsahariana 85.9 91.8 63.9 70.9 53.5 73.5 0.4348 61,500 14,149,648
67   Somalia Africa subsahariana 85.9 100.0 92.8 85.5 100.0 94.9 0.4348 45,600 10,495,583
68   Eritrea Africa subsahariana 92.9 100.0 86.3 55.9 83.5 83.8 0.4348 27,500 6,333,135
69   Libia Medio Oriente e Nord Africa 89.4 88.2 50.0 63.0 83.5 75.6 0.4348 27,000 6,201,521
70   Guinea Equatoriale Africa subsahariana 92.9 83.5 53.7 62.8 58.8 69.6 0.4348 3,300 757,014
71   Etiopia Africa subsahariana 36.4 92.6 82.7 52.7 53.8 62.3 0.4141 389,700 94,100,756
  Guyana America 71.7 39.9 68.4 49.8 67.5 57.3 0.3870 3,100 799,613
73   Bulgaria Europa 22.2 42.4 30.9 47.9 34.1 35.5 0.3797 27,600 7,265,115
74   Rep. Ceca Europa 8.1 27.9 28.7 17.7 37.6 24.0 0.3600 37,900 10,521,468
75   Ungheria Europa 54.0 30.8 33.8 22.1 32.4 35.3 0.3600 35,600 9,897,247
76   Serbia Europa 25.8 45.4 34.1 43.2 40.2 37.0 0.3600 25,800 7,163,976
77   Slovacchia Europa 11.6 28.5 31.2 39.3 33.4 28.8 0.3600 19,500 5,414,095
78   Georgia Russia ed Eurasia 57.6 71.9 37.0 45.9 46.8 51.1 0.3600 16,100 4,476,900
79   Croazia Europa 43.4 33.8 30.8 30.3 37.0 33.7 0.3600 15,300 4,252,700
80   Bosnia ed Erzegovina Europa 29.3 57.2 34.9 46.4 53.8 45.7 0.3600 13,800 3,829,307
81   Armenia Russia ed Eurasia 4.5 63.7 35.7 51.6 54.8 42.1 0.3600 10,700 2,976,566
82   Lituania Europa 47.0 36.4 24.5 27.1 44.3 35.2 0.3600 10,600 2,956,121
83   Albania Europa 47.0 43.6 36.0 57.0 55.3 46.3 0.3600 10,000 2,773,620
84   Macedonia del Nord Europa 25.8 41.7 33.7 54.9 46.0 39.7 0.3600 7,600 2,107,158
85   Slovenia Europa 4.5 15.1 29.6 16.1 34.8 20.7 0.3600 7,400 2,060,484
86   Estonia Europa 50.5 13.2 28.1 24.6 43.5 30.6 0.3600 4,800 1,324,612
87   Cipro Europa 25.8 27.7 29.0 20.7 46.0 29.8 0.3600 4,100 1,141,166
88   Montenegro Europa 36.4 38.8 30.3 49.5 49.0 40.8 0.3600 2,200 621,383
89   Vietnam Asia Pacifica 47.0 91.8 45.1 49.4 41.7 54.3 0.3592 322,200 89,708,900
90   Uganda Africa subsahariana 39.9 72.4 72.4 51.2 54.4 56.7 0.3592 135,000 37,578,876
91   Camerun Africa subsahariana 32.8 71.6 74.6 59.7 57.0 58.4 0.3592 79,900 22,253,959
92   Sri Lanka Asia Pacifica 64.6 69.7 47.1 58.9 34.2 55.7 0.3592 73,600 20,483,000
93   Kazakistan Russia ed Eurasia 36.4 75.8 34.0 57.8 38.0 49.1 0.3592 61,200 17,037,508
94   Azerbaigian Russia ed Eurasia 43.4 85.2 36.7 59.5 43.3 53.7 0.3592 33,800 9,416,598
95   Tagikistan Russia ed Eurasia 39.9 78.0 51.1 57.1 38.5 51.4 0.3592 29,500 8,207,834
96   Laos Asia Pacifica 61.1 97.3 61.5 49.8 50.0 62.6 0.3592 24,300 6,769,727
97   Kirghizistan Russia ed Eurasia 68.2 64.3 45.3 57.0 43.1 54.2 0.3592 20,500 5,719,500
98   Turkmenistan Russia ed Eurasia 64.6 100.0 45.0 64.7 46.3 64.8 0.3592 18,800 5,240,072
99   Timor Est Asia Pacifica 71.7 23.0 60.5 58.2 57.0 54.2 0.3404 4,000 1,178,252
100   Tunisia Medio Oriente e Nord Africa 64.6 45.0 40.8 48.3 53.9 52.0 0.3063 33,300 10,886,500
101   Arabia Saudita Medio Oriente e Nord Africa 82.3 91.8 36.0 49.5 72.2 65.9 0.2919 84,200 28,828,870
102   Indonesia Asia Pacifica 47.0 70.0 51.9 49.6 56.0 53.7 0.2858 714,100 249,865,631
103   Filippine Asia Pacifica 36.4 41.4 45.6 52.5 59.4 47.1 0.2655 261,200 98,393,574
104   Mauritius Africa subsahariana 68.2 30.8 38.9 21.4 42.3 39.0 0.2541 3,300 1,296,303
105   Turchia Europa 50.5 63.7 39.6 44.2 62.9 50.9 0.2476 185,500 74,932,641
106   Ucraina Russia ed Eurasia 57.6 46.0 38.9 61.1 40.0 48.0 0.2476 112,600 45,489,600
107   Europa 22.2 45.0 36.3 48.4 56.3 40.9 0.2476 4,500 1,824,000
108   Gabon Africa subsahariana 50.5 45.6 49.8 46.4 63.8 50.5 0.2476 4,100 1,671,711
109   Cina Asia Pacifica 57.6 91.9 42.2 46.2 53.3 59.0 0.2388 3,241,400 1,357,380,000
110   Papua Nuova Guinea Asia Pacifica 89.4 28.5 65.9 48.2 89.3 65.0 0.2300 16,800 7,321,262
111   Messico America 39.9 40.9 39.0 60.2 42.7 45.2 0.2182 266,900 122,332,399
112   Colombia America 43.4 43.3 38.7 57.9 49.2 45.8 0.2182 105,400 48,321,405
113   Perù America 43.4 46.2 35.6 48.9 53.1 45.4 0.2182 66,300 30,375,603
114   Ecuador America 39.9 49.6 32.2 57.7 34.7 42.1 0.2182 34,300 15,737,878
115   Guatemala America 32.8 44.6 44.1 66.8 58.8 51.7 0.2182 33,800 15,468,203
116   Bolivia America 54.0 42.3 53.4 60.5 48.3 49.5 0.2182 23,300 10,671,200
117   Honduras America 54.0 53.8 58.0 75.6 64.4 61.1 0.2182 17,700 8,097,688
118   Paraguay America 43.4 36.5 43.3 61.5 53.9 46.3 0.2182 14,800 6,802,295
119   El Salvador America 32.8 32.6 44.9 61.4 53.5 42.9 0.2182 13,800 6,340,454
120   Nicaragua America 8.1 59.6 60.9 59.7 41.2 45.9 0.2182 13,300 6,080,478
121   Cile America 36.4 20.0 31.7 23.6 45.7 31.5 0.2095 36,900 17,619,708
122   Costa Rica America 54.0 22.5 34.6 39.1 24.5 34.2 0.2095 10,200 4,872,166
123   Panama America 68.2 28.0 35.6 46.8 42.6 42.1 0.2095 8,100 3,864,170
124   Uruguay America 57.6 14.6 31.3 33.6 26.8 31.4 0.2095 7,100 3,407,062
125   Venezuela America 43.4 76.4 38.3 73.7 35.0 52.7 0.2002 60,900 30,405,207
126   Sudafrica Africa subsahariana 43.4 24.8 38.2 46.9 55.6 43.3 0.2001 106,000 52,981,991
127   Giappone Asia Pacifica 61.1 17.6 23.4 11.4 40.0 29.9 0.1865 237,500 127,338,621
128   Corea del Sud Asia Pacifica 22.2 39.2 30.8 30.5 36.0 30.3 0.1865 93,700 50,219,669
129   Argentina America 25.8 30.7 30.3 46.5 21.3 29.5 0.1865 77,300 41,446,246
130   Polonia Europa 1.0 21.7 27.1 22.2 48.2 25.5 0.1865 71,900 38,530,725
131   Hong Kong Asia Pacifica 64.6 3.5 21.1 10.9 25.2 25.0 0.1865 13,400 7,187,500
132   Rep. Dominicana America 47.0 54.3 41.2 60.5 59.3 51.7 0.1754 18,200 10,403,761
133   Trinidad e Tobago America 64.6 27.7 36.2 41.5 36.8 42.8 0.1690 2,300 1,341,151
134   Giamaica America 36.4 23.9 54.9 54.5 49.7 41.7 0.1548 4,200 2,715,000
135   Barbados America 57.6 17.5 42.3 23.1 42.3 38.5 0.1488 400 284,644
136   Kenya Africa subsahariana 78.8 68.5 54.4 67.3 56.0 63.6 0.1464 64,900 44,353,691
137   Madagascar Africa subsahariana 64.6 64.8 79.8 59.0 58.0 67.4 0.1326 30,400 22,924,851
138   Bielorussia Russia ed Eurasia 64.6 97.3 36.4 54.5 34.7 56.8 0.1215 11,500 9,466,000
139   Romania Europa 25.8 50.1 34.8 42.8 40.6 38.1 0.1132 22,600 19,963,581
140   Lettonia Europa 43.4 34.8 30.0 38.8 45.1 37.7 0.1132 2,300 2,013,385
141   Singapore Asia Pacifica 22.2 51.9 28.2 16.8 59.4 35.1 0.0998 5,400 5,399,200
142   Israele Medio Oriente e Nord Africa 29.3 43.9 28.7 32.0 58.4 37.8 0.0806 6,500 8,059,400
143   Brasile America 22.2 28.0 33.3 50.2 42.5 34.6 0.0775 155,300 200,361,925
144   Cuba America 68.2 97.3 51.6 44.8 1.0 55.5 0.0362 4,100 11,265,629
145   Stati Uniti America 8.1 17.9 22.2 26.1 25.4 19.9 0.0190 60,100 316,128,839
146   Italia Europa 32.8 21.9 24.0 38.1 31.3 29.6 0.0190 11,400 59,831,093
147   Germania Europa 11.6 24.7 25.1 14.4 12.2 17.6 0.0130 10,500 80,621,788
148   Francia Europa 25.8 25.8 28.0 21.0 23.9 22.8 0.0130 8,600 66,028,467
149   Regno Unito Europa 8.1 10.3 17.1 18.4 17.6 15.1 0.0130 8,300 64,097,085
150   Spagna Europa 15.1 27.9 22.8 22.6 17.6 22.7 0.0130 6,100 46,647,421
151   Canada America 8.1 16.8 25.4 11.2 19.7 15.5 0.0130 4,600 35,158,304
152   Taiwan Asia Pacifica 11.6 28.4 17.1 27.7 28.9 22.7 0.0130 3,000 23,340,000
153   Australia Asia Pacifica 11.6 2.9 24.8 13.5 15.1 11.5 0.0130 3,000 23,130,900
154   Paesi Bassi Europa 11.6 9.2 25.1 13.5 8.4 11.4 0.0130 2,200 16,804,224
155   Belgio Europa 4.5 18.1 26.8 14.9 15.9 16.0 0.0130 1,500 11,195,138
156   Grecia Europa 36.4 49.8 30.2 43.3 50.9 41.4 0.0130 1,400 11,032,328
157   Portogallo Europa 18.7 13.0 28.2 17.0 29.7 21.4 0.0130 1,400 10,459,806
158   Svezia Europa 8.1 15.7 26.5 10.1 10.9 13.5 0.0130 1,200 9,592,552
159   Austria Europa 4.5 17.3 23.9 14.4 14.4 14.9 0.0130 1,100 8,473,786
160   Svizzera Europa 32.8 23.3 21.1 10.6 25.5 22.0 0.0130 1,100 8,081,482
161   Danimarca Europa 43.4 16.8 25.2 3.5 6.2 18.4 0.0130 700 5,613,706
162   Finlandia Europa 4.5 22.2 26.2 8.9 14.4 16.0 0.0130 700 5,439,407
163   Norvegia Europa 11.6 16.0 25.6 7.8 2.5 11.3 0.0130 700 5,084,190
164   Nuova Zelanda Asia Pacifica 15.1 8.6 26.6 6.6 6.8 12.7 0.0130 600 4,470,800
165   Lussemburgo Europa 32.8 2.4 10.9 9.9 21.6 17.0 0.0130 <100 543,202
166   Irlanda Europa 18.7 18.1 27.1 16.7 19.5 20.7 0.0070 300 4,595,281
167   Islanda Europa 54.0 19.0 22.4 12.1 3.0 20.0 0.0070 <100 323,002

Global Slavery Index 2013Modifica

La classifica seguente mostra i primi 30 paesi in ordine di minor prevalenza di schiavitù moderna. La classifica completa può essere consultata sul sito della Walk Free Foundation.[8]

1.   Islanda,   Irlanda,   Regno Unito 4.   Nuova Zelanda 5.   Austria,   Belgio,   Danimarca,   Finlandia,   Grecia,   Lussemburgo,   Norvegia,   Svezia,   Svizzera 14.   Cuba 15.   Portogallo,   Spagna 17.   Costa Rica 18.   Panama 19.   Canada 20.   Mauritius 22.   Singapore 23.   Hong Kong 24.   Francia,   Paesi Bassi 25.   Australia 26.   Corea del Sud 27.   Germania 28.   Barbados 29.   Stati Uniti 30.   Trinidad e Tobago 31.   Italia 32.   Lettonia 33.   Giappone

NoteModifica

  1. ^ Global Slavery Index, Walk Free Foundation. URL consultato il 26 agosto 2015.
  2. ^ Global Slavery Index Methodology (PDF), Walk Free Foundation. URL consultato il 26 agosto 2015 (archiviato dall'url originale il 23 aprile 2015).
  3. ^ Using Surveys to Estimate Prevalence of Modern Slavery (PDF) [collegamento interrotto], su asset.globalslaveryindex.org.
  4. ^ Andrew Guth, Robyn Anderson, Kasey Kinnard and Hang Tran, Proper Methodology and Methods of Collecting and Analyzing Slavery Data: An Examination of the Global Slavery Index, in Social Inclusion (open access journal), Vol. 2, No 4 (2014), pp. 14-22, article posted on the Cogitatio website on 17 November 2014: "The Global Slavery Index aims to, among other objectives, recognize the forms, size, and scope of slavery worldwide as well as the strengths and weaknesses of individual countries.
  5. ^ Economist Online: Performance indices - International comparisons are popular, influential—and sometimes flawed, https://www.economist.com/. URL consultato il 16 novembre 2014.
  6. ^ GSI 2014 Global Data and codebook, su The Global Slavery Index, Walk Free Foundation. URL consultato il 12 gennaio 2015 (archiviato dall'url originale il 20 gennaio 2015).
  7. ^ Direct download of XLS table: GSI 2014 Global Data and codebook Archiviato il 12 gennaio 2015 in Internet Archive.
  8. ^ Walk Free Foundation - Global Slavery Index 2013, globalslaveryindex.org. URL consultato il 5 giugno 2014.

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